Document - United Arab Emirates: Tajikistani man facing extradition and torture: Umarali Kuvvatov

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UA: 7/13 Index: MDE 25/001/2013 UAE Date: 11 January 2013 Date: 14 January 2011

URGENT ACTION

TAJIKISTANI MAN FACING EXTRADITION AND TORTURE

Tajikistani businessman Umarali Kuvvatov risks extradition to Tajikistan by the United Arab Emirates’ (UAE) authorities, where he would be at risk of torture or other ill-treatment.

Businessman Umarali Kuvvatov was arrested in Dubai on 23 or 24 December 2012, when in transit from Moscow to Brussels, following an extradition request from Tajikistan on charges of fraudulent business activities. It is not known where he is currently held in the UAE, and it is believed that he has not yet been charged.

Umarali Kuvvatov – along with other Tajikistani business leaders, opposition politicians and activists – is one of the founders of the opposition group “Group-24”, which has publicly criticized the widespread corruption under the head of state of Tajikistan, President Rahmon. The group recently called for President Rahmon’s resignation and questioned the likelihood of the upcoming Presidential elections being democratic and fair. The group also criticized President Rahmon’s handling of the military conflict in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province in summer 2012. The conflict, while short-lived, caused dozens of deaths. Umarali Kuvvatov is reportedly a former advisor to President Rahmon’s daughter.

Umarali Kuvvatov claims that the charges against him are politically motivated in response to his criticism of President Rahmon’s government. In September 2012, a statement appeared on the website of the Ministry of Health in Tajikistan, saying that Umarali Kuvvatov suffered from mental illness.

Amnesty International believes that if returned to Tajikistan, Umarali Kuvvatov will be at serious risk of grave human rights violations, in particular incommunicado detention, torture and other ill-treatment, and unfair trial. If Umarali Kuvvatov is extradited, the UAE authorities will be violating their obligations under the absolute prohibition of torture and other ill-treatment under international law.

Please write immediately in English, Arabic or your own language:

Expressing concern that if Umarali Kuvvatov is forcibly returned to Tajikistan, he will be at risk of torture or other ill-treatment, as well as an unfair trial and other human rights violations;

Calling on the UAE authorities to not return Umarali Kuvvatov to Tajikistan, reminding them that this would violate their obligations under the absolute prohibition of torture under international law, as he may face grave human rights violations if returned.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS BEFORE 22 FEBRUARY 2013 TO:

Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum

UAE Vice President, Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai, Ministry of Cabinet Affairs

POBox 212000, Dubai, U.A.E.

Fax: +971 4 330 4044

Email: moca@uae.gov.ae , contactus@moca.gov.ae

Twitter: @HHShkMohd #UAE must not return Umarali Kuvvatov to Tajikistan where he may face torture or ill treatment

Salutation: His Highness

Dr Mohammed Anwar Gargash

Minister of State, Foreign Affairs

POB 1, Abu Dhabi, UAE

Fax: +9712 222 2000 (this is also a phone line; once it is connected, send the fax)

Contact form: http://www.mofa.gov.ae/mofa_english/portal/b4f51785-6321-4955-9b37-f96de077f4a1.aspx (please scroll down and fill in)

Twitter: @AnwarGargash #UAE must not return Umarali Kuvvatov to Tajikistan where he may face torture or ill treatment

Salutation: Your Excellency

Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country.ok

Please check with your section office if sending appeals after the above date.

URGENT ACTION

TAJIKISTANI MAN FACING EXTRADITION, TORTURE

ADditional Information

In 2007, the UAE concluded an extradition agreement with Tajikistan. In 2009 Abdurasul Mirzoyev was forcibly returned to Tajikistan from the UAE. He is currently serving a 30-year prison term. Abdurasul Mirzoyev is a brother of the former senior government official, Major General Ghaffor Mirzoyev, who was sentenced to life imprisonment in 2006 after a trial on a variety of political and other charges.

Also in 2009, Tajikistan requested that the UAE return a Tajikistani resident of the UAE, former member of parliament and former People's Front field commander Khoja Karimov. While it is unknown whether he was ever returned to Tajikistan or whether he is still in the UAE, as of June 2012, the Tajikistan government continued to seek his arrest.

Amnesty International has documented many cases of people forcibly returned to Tajikistan at the request of the Tajikistani authorities, who have been tortured and sentenced to term of imprisonment after unfair trials. For more information about the wide-spread torture in Tajikistan, including in the cases of men who had been forcibly return to Tajikistan, please see the Amnesty International’s report, Shattered Lives: Torture and Other Ill-Treatment in Tajikistan, EUR 60/004/2012, published in Tajik, English and Russian in July 2012, available at: www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/EUR60/004/2012/en

Name: Umarali Kuvvatov

Gender m/f: m

UA: 7/13 Index: MDE 25/001/2013 Issue Date: 11 January 2013

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