Contrôle des armes et droits humains

How an Arms Trade Treaty can help prevent armed violence - 2 mars 2011

Current United Nations discussions on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) provide an opportunity to examine armed violence in the context of decisions concerning international transfers of conventional arms used in armed violence. This report is divided into two parts. Part I examines how an ATT with a clearly elaborated risk assessment process can make a contribution to the prevention and reduction of armed violence. Part II focuses on firearms-related homicide and emphasises the importance of adopting an approach to addressing armed violence that will encompass violence outside of armed conflict settings.

Arms for Internal Security: Will they be covered by an Arms Trade Treaty? - 17 juin 2011

There is now a chance in the UN to establish a global Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) setting out commonly-agreed rules for strict national regulation and international monitoring of the trade and transfer of conventional arms. This briefing paper includes Amnesty International's proposal for the inclusion of the scope of equipment into an ATT including an indicative list of the conventional arms and a summary definition. It also includes examples of conventional arms that may, inadvertently, be excluded from the scope of the ATT.

Deadly Movements: Transportation Controls in the Arms Trade Treaty - 19 juillet 2010

The proposed Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) should be designed to prevent unauthorised or irresponsible international transfers of weapons, munitions and related equipment internationally. This briefing note explains that inadequate regulation of arms transportation is a global problem, not confined to jurisdictions with weak arms transfer controls. The Arms Trade Treaty provides a critical opportunity to define high common international standards to address the adequate regulation of the physical movement of conventional arms.

How to Apply Human Rights Standards to Arms Transfer Decisions - 1 octobre 2008

In order to achieve a more effective regulation of the international arms trade, all international transfers of conventional weaponry, munitions and equipment should be carried out in accordance with states’ legal obligations. All states have obligations under international human rights law applicable to transfers of conventional arms. The purpose of this document is to assist states and regional organisations in applying their human rights obligations. It proposes guidelines for assessing the risk of a proposed transfer being used for serious violations of human rights.

Key elements for implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) - 13 juillet 2011

This document lists suggested key elements for “creating high common international standards” for national systems of licensing or authorisation for the export, import and other international transfers of conventional arms. It also sets out Amnesty International's position on key transparency measures and victim assistance.

Sudan: No end to violence in Darfur: Arms supplies continue despite ongoing human rights violations - 24 avril 2012

The supply of various types of weapons, munitions and related equipment to Sudan in recent years, by the governments of Belarus, the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation, have allowed the Sudanese authorities to use their army, paramilitary forces, and government-backed militias to carry out grave violations of international human rights and humanitarian law in Sudan. This ongoing flow of new arms to Darfur has sustained a brutal nine-year conflict which shows little sign of resolution. Image accompagnant le chapeau: 

Our Right to Know: Transparent Reporting under an Arms Trade Treaty - 13 juin 2011

Public reporting is a key means by which the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) will become more than a set of obligations and actually affect States’ behaviour. Fully transparent reporting will build confidence amongst States and provide a basis for States and civil society to assess how the ATT is being applied in practice. This document focuses on why States should transparently report on their international arms trade and transfers. It also provides a brief overview of transparency initiatives to date, and outlines how a reporting mechanism could be incorporated into the Treaty.

ليبيا: يجب التحقيق بشكل مناسب في الوفيات بين المدنيين الناجمة عن غارات النيتو - 19 mars 2012

Headline Title:  ليبيا: يجب التحقيق بشكل مناسب في الوفيات بين المدنيين الناجمة عن غارات النيتو قالت منظمة العفو الدولية اليوم في تفرير موجز جديدة ينشر بعد عام على حصول أولى الغارات الجوية إن حلف شمال الأطلسي "نيتو" لم يجر حتى الآن تحقيق في مقتل عدد من المدنيين في ل قالت منظمة العفو الدولية اليوم في تفرير موجز جديدة ينشر بعد عام على حصول أولى الغارات الجوية إن حلف شمال الأطلسي "نيتو" لم يجر حتى الآن تحقيق في مقتل عدد من المدنيين في ليبيا في غارات جوية نفذتها قواته. Media Node:  Libya NATO airstrikes Twitter Tag:  Libya Story Location:  Libya 30° 23' 44.232" N, 13° 53' 12.1884" E “إنه لأمر يبعث على خيبة أمل كبيرة أنه بعد أربعة أشهر على انتهاء الحملة العسكرية مازال الضحايا وأقارب من قتلوا جراء الغارات الجوية التي شنها حلف شمال الأطلسي لا يعلمون ما حصل ومن المسؤول.” Source:  دوناتيلا روفيرا إحدى كبيرات مستشاري مواجهة الأزمات في منظمة العفو الدولية Date:  Lu, 19/03/2012

يجب على كلينتون أن تكشف عن اسم من أرسلت إليه الشحنة الحربية

عصر اليوم، أصرت قيادة النقل الحربي بالبحرية الأمريكية على أن شحنة الأسلحة والمتفجرات التي تحملها السفينة إم في شيبرغراخت المتجهة نحو بورسعيد لن يتم تفريغها في أي ميناء مصري. عصر اليوم، أصرت قيادة النقل الحربي بالبحرية الأمريكية على أن شحنة الأسلحة والمتفجرات التي تحملها السفينة إم في شيبرغراخت المتجهة نحو بورسعيد لن يتم تفريغها في أي ميناء مص

Libya: Civilian deaths from NATO airstrikes must be properly investigated - 19 mars 2012

Headline Title:  Libya: Civilian deaths from NATO airstrikes must be properly investigated NATO has so far failed to investigate the killing of scores of civilians in Libya in airstrikes carried out by its forces, Amnesty International said today in a new briefing paper released a year a A new report documents how scores of Libyan civilians not involved in the fighting were killed and injured, most in their homes, as a result of NATO airstrikes. Media Node:  Libya NATO airstrikes Twitter Tag:  Libya Story Location:  Libya 30° 23' 44.232" N, 13° 53' 12.1884" E “It is deeply disappointing that more than four months since the end of the military campaign, victims and relatives of those killed by NATO airstrikes remain in the dark about what happened and who was responsible.” Source:  Donatella Rovera, Senior Crisis Response Adviser at Amnesty International Date:  Lu, 19/03/2012