In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International has made the following recommendations to Denmark
• To conduct a full, independent, impartial and effective investigation into Denmark’s involvement in the US-led rendition programme, including the use of Danish airspace for over-flights and/or Danish territory for landings/stopovers by aircraft operating in the context of the rendition programme;
• To cooperate with on-going and follow-up intergovernmental investigations into European complicity in and accountability for involvement in the US-led rendition and secret detention programmes, including processes at UN, EU, and Council of Europe levels;
• To stop requesting or agreeing diplomatic assurances in cases where the individual concerned would face a real risk of serious human rights abuses if returned;
• To ensure respect for the right to privacy, including by strengthening judicial oversight of requests to intercept electronic or telephonic communications.
Rights of refugees, migrants and asylum-seekers:
• To stop involuntary or forced removals of individuals to the provinces of Ninewa (Mosul), Kirkuk, Salah al-Din, Diyala and Baghdad in Iraq, and other particularly dangerous areas, such as parts of al Anbar province, due to the real risk they may face of persecution or serious harm;
• To ensure that detention of refugees, migrants and asylum-seekers is a last resort, including by giving full consideration to alternatives to detention;
• To ensure independent monitoring of reception and care centres in the country of origins of unaccompanied children that are returned from Denmark;
• To ensure that foreigners seeking a humanitarian residence permit in Denmark and suffering from serious physical or psychological illness are not returned to places where they cannot obtain treatment due to financial or other complications.
Violence against women:
• To amend the Penal Code to ensure that the definition of rape is in line with international standards and to ensure equal protection for all rape victims. Non-consensual sex with a victim in a “helpless state” should be considered rape in the Penal Code;
• To delete from the provisions of the Penal Code covering rape and sexual abuse (Article 218, 220, 221, 227) any reference to the marital relations between the victim and the alleged perpetrator, thus ensuring that the marriage of the perpetrator and the victim is not a mitigating factor in sentencing or leads to impunity for rape and sexual abuse;
• To establish an independent monitoring mechanism to systematically analyze all rape investigations that are closed before coming to trial, and to report publicly on the reasons for closing the cases;
• To develop and adopt a comprehensive action plan to prevent and combat rape and other forms of sexual violence;
• To ensure that all victims of trafficking are offered a 100-day ‘reflection period’ regardless of any agreement to cooperate on return to the individual’s country of origin;
• To provide additional protection to victims of trafficking who face a risk of further human rights abuse, include re-trafficking, if returned.
Human rights education:
• To take further steps to afford human rights education higher priority in the secondary school curriculum.
International human rights standards:
• To sign, ratify and implement the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families; the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, opting-in to its inquiry and inter-state procedures; the Optional Protocol to the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances.
Denmark: Amnesty International's submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review
Other Amnesty International documents on Denmark