Informe anual 2013
El estado de los derechos humanos en el mundo

7 abril 2008

UN examines human rights in member countries

UN examines human rights in member countries
All UN member states are facing a rigorous examination of their human rights records. The inaugural session of the UN Human Rights Council's Universal Periodic Review (UPR) working group began on Monday.

The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a new mechanism of the UN Human Rights Council and, over the next four years, it will regularly review the human rights obligations and commitments of all 192 Member States. Governments themselves will carry out this regular and systematic scrutiny.

The new process will address one of the main criticisms of the Council’s predecessor, the Commission on Human Rights, which was accused of considering only a small number of countries, and of often avoiding pressing situations for political reasons.

The UPR Working Group will, until 18 April, examine the human rights records of 16 countries: Algeria, Argentina, Bahrain, Brazil, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Finland, India, Indonesia, Morocco, the Netherlands, the Philippines, Poland, South Africa, Tunisia and the UK.

This first session will be followed by two further sessions in 2008, so that 48 countries, selected by drawing lots, will have been scrutinized during the year.

An important feature of the new process is that governments of the countries under examination are expected to carry out a broad consultation among civil society. Amnesty International has lobbied energetically to ensure that all relevant voices are heard.

The organisation has submitted information on 14 of the 16 countries above and its members and supporters are working with civil society within each country to raise awareness of the new process.

Amnesty International said, in a statement issued on Monday, that this first session of the UPR Working Group will be key in setting the standard for future reviews, in terms of process as well as substance.

"Both reviewed and reviewing countries have an important role to play. Amnesty International looks to all member states to step up and help launch the UPR as an effective human rights mechanism," said Martin Macpherson, Director of the organization's International Law and Organisations Programme.

Más información

Human Rights Council: Council continues to struggle to establish itself as an effective human rights body (Public Statement, 3 April 2008)

País

Argelia 
Argentina 
Bahréin 
Brasil 
República Checa 
Ecuador 
Finlandia 
India 
Indonesia 
Marruecos y el Sáhara Occidental 
Países Bajos 
Filipinas 
Polonia 
Sudáfrica 
Túnez 
Reino Unido 

Región

Europa y Asia Central 

Tema

Naciones Unidas 

@amnestyonline on twitter

Noticias

22 julio 2014

Mientras en Londres se reúnen hoy activistas para debatir sobre estrategias para abordar la mutilación genital femenina, comunidades de todo Sierra Leona adoptan un enfoque... Más »

22 agosto 2014

El día que Manuel Eliseo Gutiérrez murió a causa de un disparo de la policía durante una manifestación en la capital chilena la noche del 25 de agosto de 2011, nadie imaginó... Más »

03 junio 2014

En la segunda de una serie de dos partes, dos de las personas cuyos nombres estaban entre los “más buscados” a causa de su papel en las protestas de 1989 en Tiananmen cuentan... Más »

11 julio 2014

Sasha, activista ucraniano de 19 años, fue secuestrado a punta de pistola por separatistas en Luhansk y golpeado una y otra vez durante 24 horas.

Más »
25 julio 2014

Expertos de Amnistía Internacional responden a algunas cuestiones surgidas en torno al conflicto Israel/Gaza.

Más »