In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International makes the following recommendations to Romania:
Lack of protection of the right to adequate housing in national legislation:
• To adopt the necessary legal and policy measures to ensure that everyone has at least a minimum degree of security of tenure, which provides them with some protection against forced evictions, harassment and other threats;
• To amend the Housing Law and/or the Construction Law to expressly prohibit forced evictions and stipulate safeguards in line with international human rights standards which must be complied with prior to an eviction being carried out;
• To amend the Housing Law to expressly oblige the authorities to ensure that all relocation sites comply with international standards on adequacy of housing;
• To introduce mechanisms to monitor that the authorities, at the national and local levels, operate in accordance with the Housing Law.
Failure to ensure protection from discrimination in access to housing:
• To ensure equal access to housing and protection from discrimination by amending the Housing Law to expressly prohibit segregation on the basis of race or any other prohibited ground of discrimination;
• To identify options for the resettlement of people living in informal settlements which cannot be regularized, and to ensure that any relocation complies with international standards on evictions and that the alternative housing provided is adequate and does not create racially segregated settlements;
• To guarantee access to housing, including low cost or social housing, without discrimination, to Roma living in informal settlements.
Accountability for complicity in the US-led rendition and secret detention programmes:
• To undertake an independent, impartial, thorough and effective investigation into allegations that Romanian state actors collaborated with US officials in the CIA’s rendition and secret detention programmes;
• To explicitly include in the terms of reference of the investigation the need to investigate any direct commission by state actors or their complicity in possible human rights violations in the context of the CIA rendition and secret detention programmes;
• To pursue all relevant lines of inquiry regarding the alleged collusion of Romanian authorities with CIA’s rendition and secret detention programmes, including the establishment of detention sites, whether and when detainees were transported to or from Romania, under what procedures and conditions they were transported, and their treatment in detention;
• To respond in full to the allegations of Romanian complicity in the CIA rendition and secret detention programmes contained in the February 2010 UN Joint Study on Secret Detention, and to communicate directly with the UN Special Procedures involved in the study to pursue any evidence of collusion;
• To ensure that where there is credible evidence that human rights violations under national or international law occurred, and particularly with respect to alleged torture and other ill-treatment and enforced disappearances, criminal proceedings are brought against those the investigation identifies as responsible.
Ratification of international human rights treaties:
• To ratify the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and opt-in to the inquiry and inter-state mechanisms.