In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International has made the following recommendations to Mauritania
Torture and ill-treatment
• To give clear instructions to the security forces to always act in compliance with international human rights law, in particular, the right to life and the prohibition of torture and other ill-treatment;
• To ensure that anyone placed in detention must be promptly brought before a judicial authority and have the option of disputing the legality of the decision to imprison;
• To draw a plan of action against torture and ill-treatment with a view to their eradication and bring to justice all suspected perpetrators of these acts. To make any act of torture or ill-treatment a criminal offence and make provision for penalties that reflects the gravity of the nature of the act;
• To inform members of the police and law enforcement officers, in unambiguous language, that violation of human rights, and torture and ill-treatment, will not be tolerated under any circumstances and that anyone committing such offences will be punished as provided for by law;
• To carry out impartial and effective investigation without delay into all complaints and information concerning torture and other ill-treatment. To ensure that all judges, prosecutors and lawyers are informed that confessions and statements obtained other than in the presence of a member of the public prosecutor’s office and the suspect’s counsel may not be used in support of the accusation before the court;
• To extend an invitation to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on torture and cooperate fully with him, allowing him complete freedom to visit and all official unofficial places of detention;
• To ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
Arbitrary arrests and detention / Conditions of detention
• To ensure that all detainees can contact their family, a lawyer and doctor without delay after their arrest and regularly throughout the period of their detention or imprisonment;
• To place the management of prison on penal institutions under the effective and appropriate control of the Ministry of Justice;
• To apply international standards on the treatment of prisoners and conditions of detention, in particular those set in the Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners and the Body of Principles for the Protection of All Persons under Any Form of Detention or Imprisonment;
• To create a mechanism which has the necessary means of organizing periodic visits and inspections or places of detention by a committee of independent experts consisting of judges, prosecutors, doctors and lawyers, together with members of civil society and in particular human rights defenders.
Refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants’ rights
• To protect the rights of migrants and asylum-seekers, including their rights to liberty and freedom from arbitrary detention; to protection against torture or other ill-treatment; to access to a fair and satisfactory asylum procedure and to protection from return to a country or territory where he or she would be at risk of serious human rights violations, according to the article 6 of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights;
• To ensure that detention of migrants is used only if, in each individual case, it is demonstrated that it is a necessary and proportionate measure that conforms with international law; if criteria for detention are clearly set out in law and if alternative non-custodial measures, such as reporting requirements, are always considered before resorting to detention.
• To establish an independent and impartial enquiry into progress over the past 20 years and to consider steps to take towards complete eradication of slavery, slavery-like practices and related abuses and discrimination in Mauritania. The inquiry should involve religious leaders, traditional leaders, law enforcement officials and judicial officials as well as members of civil society including NGOs working against slavery;
• To ensure that the 2007 law which makes slavery a criminal offence is enforced and that all people suspected of practicing slavery are properly prosecuted;
• To develop mechanisms for full and fair reparations for victims of slavery, including compensation and rehabilitation.
Excessive use of force
• To respect the freedom of expression and freedom of assembly, without the use of violence.
The death penalty
• To impose an immediate moratorium on executions, commute all death sentences and progressively reduce the number of crimes punishable by death with a view to the abolition of the death penalty.