Documento - Irak: Riesgo inminente de ejecución de cinco libios en Irak.


UA: 256/12Index: MDE 14/012/2012 Iraq Date: 31 August 2012



Five Libyan nationals are believed to be at risk of imminent execution in Iraq. Their sentences have been upheld and three of them could have been transferred for execution.

According to information received by Amnesty International the five Libyan nationals were sentenced to death on terrorism related offences and their sentences upheld on appeal. Their sentences are believed to have been ratified by the Iraqi presidency and their execution could be imminent. The five men include ‘Adel al-Sha’lani, ‘Adel ‘Omar al-Zawi and Ahmad Rajab al-Mismari (also known as Mohammad Faraj Farajallah al-Ghaythi) who could have been transferred to be executed and ‘Othman al-‘Arfi and Akram ‘Abd al-Salam al-Hami.who would be awaiting execution.

‘Adel al-Sha’lani and Akram ‘Abd al-Salam al-Hami are held in al Nassiriya prison, ‘Othman al-‘Arfi is held in al-Rusafa prison and ‘Adel ‘Omar al-Zawi and Ahmad Rajab al-Mismari are held in al Adala prison in Baghdad.

Please write immediately in English or Arabic or your own language:

Calling on the Iraqi authorities not to proceed with the executions of ‘Adel al-Sha’lani, ‘Adel ‘Omar al-Zawi and Ahmad Rajab al-Mismari (also known as Mohammad Faraj Farajallah al-Ghaythi), ‘Othman al-‘Arfi and Akram ‘Abd al-Salam al-Hami;

Expressing concern that the five men may not have received a fair trial in line with international standards and consular assistance;

Urging the authorities to declare an imminent moratorium on executions and to commute all death sentences of people on death row;

Insisting that, while recognizing governments have an obligation to bring to justice those responsible for serious crimes, the death penalty violates the right to life and is the ultimate form of cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment, and should not be applied even for crimes of the greatest magnitude.


Prime Minister and Acting Minister of Defence and Interior

His Excellency Nuri Kamil al-Maliki, Prime Minister

Convention Centre (Qasr al-Ma’aridh)

Baghdad, Iraq

Salutation: Your Excellency

Minister of Human Rights

His Excellency Mohammad Shayaa


Convention Centre (Qasr al-Ma’aridh)

Baghdad, Iraq

Salutation: Your Excellency

And copies to:

Minister of Justice

Hassan al-Shammari

Convention Centre (Qasr al-Ma’aridh)

Baghdad, Iraq

Salutation: Your Excellency�

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five Libyans risk imminent execution in iraq

ADditional Information

The death penalty has been used extensively in Iraq. Hundreds of people have been sentenced to death since the death penalty was reinstated by the Iraqi government in 2004, following a one-year suspension by the then head of the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA), Paul Bremer. The government gives very little information, such as statistics, regarding executions. Hundreds of people are said to be under sentence of death. Amnesty International is opposed to the death penalty in all cases because it is a violation of two fundamental human rights, as laid down in Articles 3 and 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: the right to life and the right not to be tortured or subjected to any cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment. The organization considers the death penalty to be the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment.

Amnesty International has repeatedly condemned human rights abuses by armed groups in Iraq, and continues to call for those responsible to be brought to justice.

On 23 July 2012 the Iraqi Ministry of Interior published on its website news from the chief of police in Anbar province, west of Baghdad confirming that the Court of Cassation had upheld 196 death sentences and that he hoped they would be implemented soon. It is unclear if any of the 196 death sentences have already been ratified by the Iraqi Presidential Council (see:’ Iraq urged to halt executions after 196 death sentences upheld’:

On 27 August the Iraqi Ministry of Justice reportedly announced that 21 people had been executed, including three women. Two days later on 29 August the Ministry also announced the execution of five people had been executed (see: ’Iraq must halt executions’ (MDE 14/011/2012):

Names: ‘Adel al-Sha’lani, ‘Adel ‘Omar al-Zawi and Ahmad Rajab al-Mismari (also known as Mohammad Faraj Farajallah al-Ghaythi), ‘Othman al-‘Arfi and Akram ‘Abd al-Salam al-Hami

Gender m/f: m

Further information on UA: 256/12 Index MDE 14/012/2012 Issue Date: 31 August 2012


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