In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International has made the following recommendations to Venezuela
Human rights defenders:
• To unequivocally and publicly affirm its support for the legitimate work of human rights defenders, as set out in the 1996 UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders;
• To guarantee that no action is taken to prevent human rights defenders from carrying out their legitimate work, including guaranteeing that their access to sources of funding is not restricted.
Politically motivated charges and independence of the Judiciary:
• To end the misuse of the justice system to harass those who are critical of government policies and to drop any politically motivated charges against them;
• To guarantee the independence of the judiciary.
Freedom of expression and assembly:
• To unequivocally and publicly affirm its respect for the right of everyone to freedom of expression and assembly;
• To carry out full and impartial investigations into reports of threats and harassment of journalists and to bring those responsible to justice;
• To guarantee that security forces do not use excessive force during protests and that they abide by international human rights standards for law enforcement officials, and to guarantee the right of demonstrators to peaceful protest without fear or risk to their life or physical integrity.
Violence against women:
• To establish a well-resourced plan of action for the full implementation of the 2007 Organic Law on the Right of Women to a Life Free of Violence.
Human rights violations committed by the security forces and control of firearms:
• To ensure independent and impartial investigations into all cases of alleged human rights violations by members of the security forces and to bring those responsible to justice;
• To ensure that all members of the security forces receive adequate training on the use of force and firearms, as well as on understanding of crowd behaviour and methods of persuasion, negotiation and mediation;
• To implement strict controls on the availability and use of firearms based on international human rights and humanitarian law.
• To adopt urgent measures to guarantee that all places of detention comply with the UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners;
• To implement the provisional measures issued by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in relation to the threat to the rights to life and security of inmates in several prisons in the country.