ST VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES
In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International has made the following recommendations to St Vincent and the Grenadines
The death penalty
• To immediately establish a moratorium on executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty, as provided by UN General Assembly resolution 62/149, adopted on 18 December 2007, resolution 63/168, adopted on 18 December 2008, and resolution 65/206, adopted on 21 December 2010;
• To commute without delay all death sentences to terms of imprisonment;
• To prohibit the imposition of the death penalty on anyone suffering from a mental disability,
• To ensure rigorous compliance in all death penalty cases with international standards for fair trial, including the rights to be tried before an independent, impartial and competent tribunal, to competent defence counsel at every stage of the proceedings, to adequate time and facilities to prepare one’s defence, to presumption of innocence until guilt has been proved beyond reasonable doubt, to appeal to a higher court, and to seek pardon and commutation of sentence.
Ratification of international human rights instruments
• To accede to and implement under national law the Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Criminal Court, and to ratify and implement without delay the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; opting-in to its inquiry and inter-state procedures, and the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at abolition of the death penalty.