In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International has made the following recommendations to Solomon Islands
International human rights instruments
• To promptly ratify and implement under national law the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its Optional Protocols, the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, opting-in to its inquiry and inter-state procedures, the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and its Optional Protocol, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and the Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Criminal Court, and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance;
• To report in a timely, open, extensive and thorough fashion, with the assistance of the international community and governments and organizations in the region, on the implementation of its treaty obligations, providing a clear framework for how it aims to ensure that the people of Solomon Islands enjoy the rights and freedoms outlined in these treaties.
National human rights institution
• To immediately begin work on establishing a National Human Rights Institution (NHRI) with both advisory and investigative functions and in full compliance with the Paris Principles;
• To appoint a taskforce to oversee the establishment of the NHRI, and in particular to ensure that it has adequate professional expertise in human rights and other relevant fields, as well as representation of women, youth, people living with disabilities and others from marginalised and disadvantaged communities.
Gender discrimination and temporary special measures
• To promptly implement the National Policy on Gender Equality and Women’s Development and to ensure that there is de-facto equality between women and men in domestic law;
• To modify or repeal existing laws and regulations that discriminate against women and girls;
• To ensure that all public servants are aware of the Gender Policy and are adequately trained in how to incorporate its provisions into their work in relation to women and development;
• To fulfil its obligations under Article 4 of CEDAW and to put in place temporary special measures to ensure that women are represented in national and provincial leadership positions in the country.
Violence against women
• To enact specific legislation to criminalize all forms of violence against women, including within households, as a matter of urgency;
• To ensure that the police, prosecution, Public Solicitor’s Office and support services are given adequate resources to combat violence against women through training, awareness raising and implementation of a “no-drop” policy;
• To ensure that the police independently and impartially investigate, and where substantiated, prosecute all complaints by women of physical and sexual violence;
• To provide policy directions to the Public Solicitor’s Office to ensure that women and young girls seeking its assistance be given the attention and support they need.
Right to water and sanitation in informal settlements
• To undertake an immediate survey of the situation with regard to water and sanitation in Honiara and other towns in the country;
• To take immediate measures to ensure that water of adequate quality and quantity is provided for all the informal settlements, including through the provision of water tanks;
• To undertake awareness-raising campaigns on the treatment of drinking water and proper sanitation;
• To set up a task force comprising of government representatives; members of Honiara City Council, specifically those who represent the residents in the settlements; and representatives of the residents in the settlements, including women, youth, elderly and those with disabilities. The task force should be tasked with developing a coordinated approach to ensuring that people have access to clean water and sanitation facilities.
Solomon Islands: Amnesty International's submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review
Other Amnesty International documents on Solomon Islands