In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International makes the following recommendations to Pakistan
Ratification and implementation of international human rights treaties:
• To withdraw the remaining reservations to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, and to take immediate steps to incorporate both treaties into domestic legislation, to remove or amend laws that do not accord with them, and ensure that both treaties are implemented in practice.
Discrimination and attacks on religious minorities:
• To investigate threats and attacks on religious minorities and to bring suspects to justice.
Violence against women:
• To immediately establish benchmarks for assessing the implementation of the new laws aimed at promoting women’s rights;
• To create mechanisms to improve assistance to survivors of gender-based violence, including by providing sufficient resources and gender-sensitive training for law enforcement personnel, the judiciary and health-service providers;
• To address the low conviction rate of perpetrators, including by ensuring that prompt, impartial and effective investigations are carried out into all allegations of gender-based violence, and that alleged perpetrators are brought to justice.
Freedom of expression and attacks on journalists:
• To bring to justice perpetrators of attacks on journalists by thoroughly investigating all individuals and organisations accused of such abuses regardless of their links to powerful state or non-state actors. The authorities should also urgently address attempts to intimidate law enforcement officials investigating abuses against journalists;
• To ensure that laws regulating the media industry are not used to intimidate and censor journalists and media considered critical of the government.
• To ensure that thorough and adequately resourced investigations are carried out into all cases of enforced disappearance, and to bring to justice the individuals and groups responsible, including state security forces and intelligence agencies;
• To ratify and implement the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.
Human rights violations in Balochistan:
• Take effective measures to bring to justice all perpetrators of human rights violations and abuses in Balochistan.
Conflict-related abuses in Tribal Areas:
• To ensure that government forces, including the military, the Frontier Corps, the Frontier Constabulary, and officially recognized tribal lashkars (local militias), are adequately trained, equipped, and disciplined in compliance with obligations under international human rights and humanitarian law. Security personnel suspected of involvement in human rights violations should be suspended from active duty and brought to justice;
• To repeal or reform the Frontier Crimes Regulations, the Action (In Aid of Civil Power) Regulations in line with international human rights standards;
• To fully extend the rights and protections of the Pakistan Constitution to the Federally Administrated Tribal Areas and relevant areas of Khyber Pakhthunkhwa.
The death penalty:
• To establish an immediate moratorium on all executions and to commute all death sentences to terms of imprisonment;
• Pending the total abolition of the death penalty, to immediately remove all provisions in national law which are in breach of international human rights law, in particular by: restricting the imposition of the death penalty to only the most serious crimes; abolishing all provisions which provide for mandatory death sentences; prohibiting the imposition of the death penalty on persons who were below 18 years of age when the crime was committed and anyone suffering from a mental disability; and ensuring rigorous compliance in all death penalty cases with international standards for fair trial.
The justice system:
• To fully comply with obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, including by revising laws and changing policies and practices to ensure fair trial standards.