In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International makes the following recommendations to Guatemala
Impunity for crimes of the past:
• To ensure complete and unrestricted access of victims and their families to all military archives and information that could help bring perpetrators of human rights violations to justice or locate victims of enforced disappearance;
• To approve the establishment of the National Commission to Search for Victims of Enforced and Other Forms of Disappearance, and ensure it has adequate resources to carry out its work effectively;
• To ensure that prompt, impartial and effective investigations are carried out into all allegations of extrajudicial executions, war crimes, enforced disappearances, torture and ill-treatment, sexual violence and other human rights violations committed during the internal armed conflict, and to bring those responsible to justice;
• To establish a co-ordinated state policy to ensure the commitment of all branches of government to investigate and prosecute extrajudicial executions, war crimes, enforced disappearances, torture and ill-treatment, sexual violence, and other human rights violations committed during the internal armed conflict, and to guarantee remedy and reparation for the victims and their relatives;
• To ratify the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.
• To establish a moratorium on forced evictions and to implement law and policy reforms to ensure due process for rural communities under threat of eviction;
• To ensure that free and informed consent is obtained prior to the commencement of extractive industry activities or large infrastructure projects which are likely to have an impact on Indigenous communities in accordance with international standards.
Violence against women:
• To ensure that efforts to improve the investigation, prosecution and prevention of violence against women are adequately resourced;
• To improve the co-ordination between state bodies tasked with collecting information on and co-ordinating policies relevant to violence against women;
• To provide sufficient resources and gender-sensitive training to the law enforcement personnel, the judiciary and health-service providers to improve the treatment of victims of violence against women and their relatives;
• To ensure effective mechanisms of accountability for law enforcement officials from all branches of government in cases of violence against women.
Human rights defenders:
• To ensure that human rights defenders are able to carry out their activities without unfair restrictions or fear of reprisals, as guaranteed in the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders;
• To improve the quality of investigations and prosecutions of cases involving threat and harassment of human rights defenders, in particular in areas such as evidence collection and when threats occur outside the capital and in rural areas;
• To ensure that the Programme of Measures for Prevention and Protection of Human Rights Defenders and Other Vulnerable Groups is approved after prior consultation with civil society groups.
• To ensure that prompt, impartial and effective investigations are carried out into all allegations of past and present extrajudicial executions and killings in which the acquiescence or involvement of members of the security forces may be suspected, in line with the UN Principles on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extra-Legal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions;
• To ensure that members of the security forces respect human rights and the rule of law.
The death penalty:
• To establish an official moratorium on executions, commute all death sentences to terms of imprisonment, and abolish the death penalty for all crimes.