In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International has made the following recommendations to Ecuador
Legal and institutional shortcomings affecting Indigenous Peoples:
• Establish mechanisms and procedures, in consultation with Indigenous Peoples and in line with international human rights standards, to guarantee the rights of Indigenous Peoples to consultation with the objective of achieving free, prior and informed consent before projects are initiated that may affect their rights, as well as before new legislation is passed;
• Implement all the recommendations made by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of Indigenous Peoples.
Regulations affecting the work of human rights defenders:
• Ensure that the regulations for Presidential Decree No. 982 contain safeguards to ensure that it is not applied as a way to impede the legitimate work of human rights defenders.
• Promote, protect and respect the right to freedom of expression, assembly and association as recognized in international and regional instruments, including in situations where protesters are demonstrating against government policies, laws or actions.
Harassment of protesters:
• Stop using the judicial system to curb the ability of Indigenous, campesino and other community leaders to exercise their right to freedom of assembly and association, including with respect to expressing disapproval for and protesting against laws and policies proposed by the state authorities.