In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International has made the following recommendations to Honduras
Impunity for human rights violations
• To ensure that immediate, independent, transparent and thorough investigations are conducted into all reports of human rights violations, including sexual violence, since 28 June 2009, bringing those responsible to justice in proceedings which meet international fair trial standards;
• To provide reparation to the victims of abuses, based on the principles of restitution, compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction and guarantees of non-repetition;
• To ensure that police and military authorities cooperate fully with judicial investigations into human rights violations, including by providing full information and access to records and personnel;
• To strengthen the Office of the Special Prosecutor for Human Rights and other prosecutors with a mandate to investigate human rights violations;
• To ensure the strengthening and effectiveness of the witness protection programme;
• To ensure the armed forces return to their barracks, allowing law enforcement duties to be fully resumed by the police force;
• To improve policing methods by ensuring police officials are trained and accountability mechanisms strengthened in accordance with the UN Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials and UN Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials, including by ensuring
o that police officials are accountable, responsive and representative of the communities that they serve,
o that there is a clear separation of powers between the military and the police;
o that there is a clear chain of command and a traceable “audit trail” for any decisions taken during the management of policing operations; and
o that the military is not generally used in civilian policing activities;
• To reject any political or legal measures, such as amnesty provisions, which could prevent reparation for victims of human rights violations or perpetrators being held to account;
• To issue a standing invitation to all UN and Inter-American Special Rapporteurs, in particular the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions; the UN Special Rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers; the UN Special Rapporteur on torture; the UN Special Rapporteur on violence against women; and the Rapporteur on Women and the Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression of the IACHR.
Harassment of members of the judiciary
• To ensure that unfounded disciplinary proceedings against judges perceived as critical of the coup are dropped;
• To establish training programmes for judges and judicial officials in the application of the 1985 UN Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary, as well as the application of legal duties contained in international human rights treaties to which Honduras is a party;
• To ensure that judicial appointments are made in accordance with the UN Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary.
National human rights plan
• To establish a comprehensive national plan for human rights, covering economic, social and cultural rights as well as civil and political rights, and addressing discrimination and protection of the rights of vulnerable groups such as women, children, indigenous and LGBT people;
• To ensure that the national plan for human rights is developed with the participation of all sectors of civil society, including human rights organisations, organisations working to represent victims of human rights violations and those representing women, children, indigenous peoples and LGBT people.
Human rights defenders
• To recognise and support the key role of human rights defenders in accordance with the UN Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders”).
Freedom of expression
• To fully restore freedom of expression, including by ensuring that journalists, opinion formers and members of the opposition are free to express their criticisms and views;
• To ensure an end to the intimidation of those who opposed the coup.
Office of the Ombudsman
• To conduct an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Office of the Human Rights Ombudsman with a view to strengthening its independence and ability to contribute to respect for human rights. The evaluation should be conducted in liaison with an independent third party, such as the United Nations or the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, and with the full participation of civil society.