Poor people are particularly at risk of being locked up for months, sometimes years, in squalid cells without having committed a crime.
Security forces have carried out widespread state killings of civilians over cattle theft, and failed to protect hundreds from mass murder.
As fighting escalates in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, all sides must take steps to safeguard civilians from attack.
South Sudan should join the great majority of United Nations members that have abolished the death penalty in law or practice.
Malawi's suspension of laws criminalising same sex sexual conduct pending a decision on whether or not to repeal them is a historic step in the fight against discrimination in the country.
Dozens of men and boys have been reportedly shot by Nigerian security forces as an Amnesty International report slammed human rights violations by the security forces in response to Boko Haram violence.
The brutal actions of Nigeria's security forces in response to Boko Haram's campaign of terror are making an already desperate situation even worse.
Rwandan opposition leader Victoire Ingabire must get a prompt and fair appeal after being convicted in a trial that fell short of international standards.
For decades the oil industry in Nigeria’s Niger Delta has caused widespread pollution of land and water, damaging people’s ability to fish and farm, and putting their health at risk.
More than 200 people have faced illegal detention and torture in Côte D’Ivoire, with many still languishing behind bars, Amnesty International can reveal.
The Congolese authorities must open an investigation into the attempted assassination of doctor and activist Denis Mukwege, Amnesty International said.
Governor signs execution warrants after prison authorities say that the death row inmates in Benin prison are 'becoming unmanageable.'
Rwanda’s military intelligence department has illegally held scores of civilians in military detention without charge or trial amid credible claims of torture.
An activist in KwaThema township describes how the murder of lesbians in her community provoked anger and fear
Far from bringing security to the region, the SPLA and the police auxiliary forces have committed shocking human rights violations.
The extra-judicial execution by firing squad of a man in Mali was a horrific and illegal act and those responsible must be held to account, Amnesty International said.
The powers and ability of the Commission of Inquiry appointed to investigate the deaths of 44 people near Lonmin’s Marikana mine in August must be clarified to ensure justice.
Amnesty International and Greenpeace have called for a criminal investigation into Trafigura's toxic dumping in West Africa.
As conflict continues in Mali, civilians are on the receiving end of horrific abuses including amputations, sexual violence and extra-judicial executions.
Three trade unionists and a journalist receive heavy suspended prison sentences and fines for initiating and publishing an anti-government petition.