Annual Report 2013
The state of the world's human rights

17 November 2011

India: Nun murdered in fourth activist killing in 2011

India: Nun murdered in fourth activist killing in 2011
Valsa John protested against the acquisition of adivasi land for mining

Valsa John protested against the acquisition of adivasi land for mining

© Johann Rousselot (Signatures) for Amnesty International

Valsa John appears to have been murdered in connection with her human rights work.
Sam Zarifi, Amnesty International
Thu, 17/11/2011


Indian authorities must ensure a thorough investigation into the killing of a nun who had worked for the rights of adivasi indigenous communities, Amnesty International said today.

Valsa John, 52, is the fourth social activist to have been killed in unexplained circumstances in India this year.

She was beaten to death by a gang of about 40 people who stormed into her home in the eastern state of Jharkhand on the night of 15 November.

"Valsa John appears to have been murdered in connection with her human rights work," said Sam Zarifi, Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific director.

"The Jharkhand authorities must ensure that those responsible for this gruesome killing are brought to justice.

“Indian federal and state authorities have to ensure that human rights activists throughout the country are protected."

Valsa John's family and human rights activists in Jharkhand told Amnesty International she had received death threats hours before her murder in Pauchuara, Pakur district. 

The family told Amnesty International they believe these threats may have come from criminal gangs involved in illegal coal mining in Jharkhand.

Valsa John was jailed in 2007 for protesting against the forced acquisition of adivasi lands for Panem Coal Mines, a coal mine project jointly operated by the Punjab state-owned Electricity Board and Eastern Mineral Trading Agency.

After being released on bail in late 2007, she reached an agreement with Panem paving the way for their acquisition of adivasi lands, in exchange for alternate land, employment, a health centre and free education for the children of the displaced families. 

Local media reported that some adivasis were dissatisfied with the agreement.

Three other social activists have been killed this year after fighting on behalf of victims of human rights violations and marginalized communities, or using India’s Right to Information legislation to expose human rights violations and government corruption. 

Earlier this month, Nadeem Sayed, a Gujarat-based activist, was stabbed to death after he testified on behalf of the victims of the Naroda Patiya massacre case in which 95 persons had been killed during the 2002 Gujarat anti-Muslim riots. 

In August, environmental activist Shehla Masood, 35, was shot dead in Bhopal city in August after trying to expose environmental violations of urban infrastructure projects and challenging mining plans in Madhya Pradesh.  

In March, Jharkhand social activist Niyamat Ansari was abducted and killed after he used the Right to Information legislation to expose local contractors and officials who had embezzled funds earmarked for the rural poor. Suspicions centre around armed Maoists because Ansari's exposes threatened their share of the embezzled funds in return for protecting the corrupt contractors and officials.

India’s human rights organizations have been demanding new legislation to protect activists who received threats after filing petitions demanding crucial information affecting the livelihoods of local communities. 

"Indian authorities must take all necessary measures to guarantee that human rights defenders and other social activists are able to carry out their legitimate and peaceful activities without fear of harassment and intimidation," said Zarifi.



Indigenous peoples 




Asia And The Pacific 

Follow #india @amnestyonline on twitter


18 September 2014

Nigeria’s police and military routinely torture women, men, and children – some as young as 12 – using a wide range of methods including beatings, shootings and rape... Read more »

25 September 2014

El Salvador has one of the most restrictive abortion laws in the world. Abortion is totally banned in all circumstances and harsh prison sentences befall those accused of... Read more »

27 September 2014

The response by Hong Kong police to pro-democracy demonstrations has renewed fears the authorities will fail to uphold the rights to peaceful assembly and free expression... Read more »

30 September 2014

A year on from the Lampedusa shipwrecks, which claimed more than 500 lives, a new report highlights how the shameful inaction of EU countries has contributed to the deaths of... Read more »

29 September 2014

Iranian authorities have today confirmed that a woman convicted of killing a man whom she said tried to sexually abuse her will be hanged tomorrow morning at a prison... Read more »