Nine women held in Tehran's Evin prison have started a hunger strike in protest at ill-treatment by prison guards.
Bassem Tamimi faces a further prison term for his involvement in non-violent protests against the encroachment of Israeli settlers onto Palestinian land.
All peaceful activists and other prisoners of conscience detained in Syria must be set free after a mass amnesty was granted ahead of the Eid al-Adha religious festival.
A shop worker jailed on a drugs-related charge was among 10 men put to death in Iran on Monday morning.
Bahrain must quash convictions and sentences against two former teachers' union leaders ahead of the final verdict in their trial this weekend.
Alber Saber Ayad could receive a six-year prison sentence if he is convicted of "defamation of religion".
Among those scheduled to be executed was Saeed Sedeghi, a shop worker sentenced to death in June after an unfair trial on drugs-related charges.
Iran is urged to immediately commute the death sentences of 11 men who are at imminent risk of execution after being transferred to Tehran's Evin Prison.
The convictions of nine health professionals sentenced to prison terms for their role in last year's pro-democracy uprising in Bahrain must be quashed by the authorities, Amnesty International said.
The Tunisian authorities must drop indecency charges against a woman who was summoned to court on Wednesday after she had complained that police officers raped her.
Yemen is on the brink of a human rights crisis unless the authorities act now to end persistent abuses in the country and address past violations.
Libya’s political leadership must take immediate steps to end ongoing human rights abuses and establish the rule of law.
The UN Human Rights Council's review of the human rights situation in Bahrain will have been a hollow exercise unless it is followed by concrete action.
Across Libya, 'irregular migrants' are detained in poor conditions where they face torture and other ill-treatment.
The Iranian authorities must halt all executions scheduled in the coming days, Amnesty International said, amid reports up to 23 individuals may be at risk.
Mauritania should have surrendered Abdullah al-Senussi to the ICC instead of extraditing him to Libya.
Enforced disappearances - a crime under international law - are still carried out in many countries around the world.
A Yemeni journalist has spent two years behind bars after alleging US use of cluster bombs in Yemen.
Authorities must investigate allegations that two Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike in protest at their administrative detention were ill-treated.
A Saudi Arabian cleric and outspoken critic of the Saudi government held in detention for more than a month must be either charged with a recognizably criminal offence or released, Amnesty International has said.