A year after pro-reform protests began in Bahrain, the government is far from delivering human rights change.
Iran has mounted a crackdown on opposition protesters ahead of a Green Movement rally on 14 February.
Amnesty International led rallies in cities across the world as a Global Day of Action in solidarity with the protesters of the Middle East and North Africa.
A global day of action will be held in nearly 20 countries on 11 February in solidarity with protesters in the Middle East and North Africa.
Amnesty International has called on Russia to make it clear to the Syrian government that the assault on the city of Homs must end immediately.
The Egyptian authorities are using a Mubarak-era law to prosecute civil society.
Russia and China have again vetoed a UN Security Council resolution on Syria, the day after a military assault killed scores of civilians in Homs.
Russia is urged not to block the UN Security Council's efforts to end human rights violations in Syria.
Fadhila Mubarak's 18-month sentence for taking part in 2011's pro-reform demonstrations and listening to 'revolutionary' music has been upheld.
The Bahraini authorities must investigate reports of more than a dozen deaths following the security forces' use of tear gas.
The 16 men received lengthy prison sentences after they tried to set up a human rights organization.
Most of Egypt's political parties have pledged human rights change, but have been ambiguous on some issues including women's rights.
Military rulers urged to uphold the right to peaceful assembly during protests marking the first anniversary of the Egyptian uprising.
Egyptian blogger Maikel Nabil has been released after ten months in prison for criticizing the military's use of force.
Court confirms death penalty for Saeed Malekpour sentenced after his web program was used to post pornographic images without his knowledge.
A human rights defender in Gaza has been stabbed by unknown assailants after criticizing Hamas and armed Palestinian groups.
Some progress has been made on human rights in Tunisia a year after the fall of President Ben Ali, but for many Tunisians the pace of change has been too slow.
One protester has been shot dead and several wounded in clashes with police during a pro-reform demonstration in Saudi Arabia.
Governments across the region were willing to deploy extreme violence in 2011 in an attempt to resist unprecedented calls for fundamental reform.
A leading Bahraini human rights defender describes how he was attacked by riot police during a peaceful protest.