Annual Report 2013
The state of the world's human rights
21 December 2010
Amnesty International today called upon the Yemeni authorities to halt the imminent execution of a young man for a crime he is alleged to have committed at the age of 15.
“We are urgently appealing to President Ali Abdullah Saleh to show clemency in the case of alleged juvenile offender Muhammed Taher Thabet Samoum,” said Philip Luther, Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for the Middle East and North Africa.
“We call for him to be saved from execution – the ultimate cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment – and for his death sentence to be commuted.”
As President Ali Abdullah Saleh has now ratified Muhammed Taher Thabet Samoum’s death sentence, he is at imminent risk of execution.
Muhammed Taher Thabet Samoum has been sentenced to death for a murder he is alleged to have committed in May 2002. Although he does not have a birth certificate, he maintains that he is now 24 years old, which would make him 15 years old at the time of the offence.
Another alleged juvenile offender, Fuad Ahmed Ali Abdulla, whose death sentence was due to be carried out on 19 December, had his execution halted by the Yemeni authorities on 18 December. His case is now to be reviewed.
In both cases, it is unclear how the court determined their ages.
“Yemen has the right and responsibility to bring to justice those suspected of recognizably criminal offences, but Amnesty International is unconditionally opposed to the death penalty in all cases,” said Philip Luther.
“Executing individuals for crimes they are accused of committing while apparently under 18 is not only inhumane but also in contravention of Yemen’s obligations according to both Yemeni and international law.”
Yemen is a state party to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, both of which expressly prohibit the execution of juvenile offenders – those convicted of crimes committed when they were under 18.
The application of the death penalty on juvenile offenders is also expressly prohibited in Article 31 of Yemen’s Penal Code.
Amnesty International is aware of at least eight other people who are possible juvenile offenders on death row in Yemen and has long-standing concerns about the use of the death penalty in the country, particularly as death sentences are often passed after proceedings which fall short of international standards for fair trial.
In 2009, at least 53 people were sentenced to death and at least 30 people were executed in Yemen. In 2010 so far, at least 19 people have been executed. Hundreds are believed to be on death row.