Ukraine needs accountability for human rights violations
14 April 2010
Amnesty International has called on newly-elected President Viktor Yanukovych and his government to ensure accountability for human rights abuses by bringing the country's laws and practices into line with international standards.
Put deeds before words: Deliver human rights for Ukraine, an Amnesty International briefing addressing President Viktor Yanukovych, contains recommendations on how to protect people in Ukraine from torture and other ill-treatment in police custody, from racial discrimination, and how to protect the rights of refugees and asylum-seekers.
"The new authorities in Kyiv must not squander the progress in the protection of human rights that Ukraine has made over the last 20 years," said Nicola Duckworth, Senior Director at Amnesty International.
"Statements in support of human rights are commendable. They must be backed up by deeds – by impartial and thorough investigations into all allegations of human rights violations, by bringing those responsible to account and by providing redress for the victims."
Amnesty International has carried out substantive research in Ukraine on human rights violations, and will measure the performance of the new government on whether it takes decisive action to tackle the issues outlined above.
In the five years since its last report on torture and ill-treatment in police detention in Ukraine, Amnesty International has noted that these practices persist, fostered by a climate of impunity as police continue to rely on extracting confessions and fail to respect the presumption of innocence.
Procedures for investigating allegations of torture and other ill-treatment fall short of European standards of impartiality and independence, and few prosecutors bring charges against police officers for torture.
"Ukraine's new government must establish, as a matter of priority, an independent police complaints mechanism. It must also allow independent, regular and unannounced visits to all places of detention as a reliable deterrent against torture or other ill-treatment," Nicola Duckworth said.
Racially motivated crimes are all too often prosecuted as ordinary crimes, most commonly as "hooliganism". This policy hides the scale of the problem and prevents the government from analyzing and tackling racial discrimination.
Racism is part of police culture in Ukraine too. Anyone who looks "different" is vulnerable to document checks by the police, which may be followed by arbitrary detention, ill-treatment, extortion of money.
Migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers often fall victim to these human rights violations by the police, and the situation is compounded by an asylum system that fails to protect the right of asylum-seekers to seek international protection.
Ukraine fails to fulfil its obligations under international human rights law and asylum-seekers are at risk of being forcibly returned to countries where they can face torture or other ill-treatment or persecution.
It is not only that an extremely low number of asylum applications are ever successful in Ukraine – 0.7 per cent in 2007 and 5.7 per cent in 2008 – but the authorities have repeatedly forcibly returned asylum-seekers and even recognized refugees to countries where they are at risk of serious human rights violations.
Amnesty International has recommended concrete steps to ensure respect for human rights, including to record and monitor all incidents of racially motivated crimes across Ukraine, to establish a functioning and fair asylum system and to set up an independent agency to investigate all allegations of human rights violations by the police.