Annual Report 2013
The state of the world's human rights

23 December 2010

Former Argentine president found guilty of crimes against humanity

Former Argentine president found guilty of crimes against humanity

Amnesty International has welcomed the sentence handed to a former Argentine president responsible for crimes against humanity in the 1970s and 80s.

Jorge Videla, a former military general, was found guilty of killing dissidents during the country's "Dirty War" - a period of military rule between 1976 and 1983.

The 85-year-old, who was the de facto president of Argentina between 1976 and 1981 after becoming the first leader of the military junta, was ruled "criminally responsible" for the torture and deaths of 31 prisoners in Córdoba.

Twenty-two other officers were also found guilty for the murders by a court in the city of Córdoba on Wednesday. Among them was General Luciano Benjamín Menendez, who was also sentenced to life in prison.

"This judgement represents another important step in the fight against impunity.  Finally those responsible for the grave human rights abuses committed under past military regimes are being brought to justice," said Guadalupe Marengo, Amnesty International's Americas Deputy Director.

Videla was already serving a life jail term for abuses committed during the "Dirty War".

A new arrest warrant was issued against Videla in 2008 for his alleged involvement in hundreds of cases of enforced disappearances, torture and extrajudicial executions.

The judges in Cordoba ruled that he must serve a life sentence for the murder of the 31 left-wing activists, who were shot dead shortly after the military took power.

During Argentina’s military government thousands of people were forcibly disappeared, unlawfully executed and tortured.

The amnesty laws in Argentina that had protected the security forces from prosecution were declared null and void in June 2005, two decades after having been introduced by the government of President Raúl Alfonsín in 1986-87.

According to official data, by the end of this year, 110 people had been convicted for their role in human rights violations committed under the military regimes of the past. Another 820 were facing criminal charges and 13 trials were continuing.

Despite progress in bringing to justice perpetrators of past human rights violations, a report by the Supreme Court admitted that there had been some delays, particularly in provincial courts.

"It is encouraging that Argentina is taking steps in the right direction to end impunity for past human rights violations. The pursuit of justice for victims and their relatives must continue without delay, and with the necessary resources to ensure that impunity is brought to an end," said Guadalupe Marengo.






Crimes Against Humanity And War Crimes 
International Justice 

@amnestyonline on twitter


18 September 2014

Nigeria’s police and military routinely torture women, men, and children – some as young as 12 – using a wide range of methods including beatings, shootings and rape... Read more »

25 September 2014

El Salvador has one of the most restrictive abortion laws in the world. Abortion is totally banned in all circumstances and harsh prison sentences befall those accused of... Read more »

30 September 2014

Fiji authorities must urgently investigate allegations that a man was severely beaten by army officers after he had sent a series of angry text messages to Prime Minister Frank... Read more »

30 September 2014

A year on from the Lampedusa shipwrecks, which claimed more than 500 lives, a new report highlights how the shameful inaction of EU countries has contributed to the deaths of... Read more »

29 September 2014

Iranian authorities have today confirmed that a woman convicted of killing a man whom she said tried to sexually abuse her will be hanged tomorrow morning at a prison... Read more »