Document - Further information on UA 45/92 (MDE 24/04/92, 11 February) - Syria: incommunicado detention / fear of torture: 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Khayyir, Bahjat Sha'bu, Khadija Dib (released) and five others











EXTERNAL (for general distribution)AI Index: MDE 24/05/92

Distr: UA/SC


24 February 1992


Further information on UA 45/92 (MDE 24/04/92, 11 February 1992) - Incommunicado Detention / Fear of Torture


SYRIA: 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Khayyir

Bahjat Sha'bu

Khadija Dib (released)

and five others







Amnesty International has received the names of five more people reported to be currently detained incommunicado in connection the prohibited Hizb al-'Amal al-Shuyu'i, Party for Communist Action (PCA). They were reportedly arrested in February 1992 by members of al-Mukhabarat al-'Askariyya, Military Intelligence, shortly after the arrest of 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Khayyir, Bahjat Sha'bu and Khadija Dib. The organization has also learned that Khadija Dib was released after ten days detention.


The five detainees are: 'Abdallah Fadil, a 26-year-old graduate in business studies from Jabla; Muhammad Ghanim, a 34-year-old doctor from Lataqiyya; Mahmud Khadhur,30 years old, also from Lataqiyya; Nadim Mazlum, from Salmiya near Homs; and Munzir Jum'a, a 32-year-old civil engineer from Homs. All five are said to be held incommunicado in Fara' al-Tahqiq al-'Askari, Military Interrogation Branch, in Damascus. 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Khayyir and Bahjat Sha'bu are also being held there.


Amnesty International fears that all seven detainees are at risk of being tortured. In addition, the organization believes that they may be held solely for the non-violent expression of their political beliefs and as such would be prisoners of conscience.




RECOMMENDED ACTION: Telegrams/telexes/airmail letters:


- expressing concern at reports that the seven detainees named above are being held and incommunicado and that Amnesty International fears they may be tortured;

- seeking assurances that they are being treated humanely and are not being subjected to torture or ill-treatment;


- requesting that all detainees be given prompt access to their families and lawyers, and that all necessary medical care be provided.


- asking for their immediate release unless they are to be charged with a recognizably criminal offence and given a prompt and fair trial.







page 2 of FU 45/92


APPEALS TO:


His Excellency

President Hafez al-Assad

Presidential Palace

Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic

Telegrams:President al-Assad, Damascus, Syria

Telexes:419160 munjed sy

Salutation:Your Excellency


His Excellency Muhammad Harba

Minister of the Interior

Ministry of the Interior

Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic

Telegrams: Interior Minister, Damascus, Syria

Salutation: Your Excellency


His Excellency Khaled al-Ansari

Minister of Justice

Ministry of Justice

Nasr Street

Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic

Telegrams:Justice Minister, Damascus, Syria

Salutation:Your Excellency


His Excellency Faruq al-Shar'a

Minister of Foreign Affairs

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Al-Rashid Street

Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic

Telegrams:Foreign Affairs Minister, Damascus, Syria

Telexes:411922

Salutation:Your Excellency


His Excellency Dr. Iyad al-Shatti

Minister of Health

Ministry of Health

al-Majlis al-Niyabi Street

Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic

Telegrams:Health Minister, Damascus, Syria

Telexes:health 412655 sy

Salutation:tion:Your Excellency



COPIES TO:


Dr. M. Cherif Bakle

Ordre des Medicins Syriens

Place de l'Etoile

Damascus, Syrian Arab Republic


and to diplomatic representatives of Syria in your country.


PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section office, if sending appeals after 7 April 1992.

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