Document - UA 113/94 - Libya: torture / fear of execution: Col. Mahammad Abdul 'Ati al-Buma, Col. Miftah Qarrum al-Wirfalli, Col. Sa'ad Misbah al-a'Rusi, Lt-Col Daw al-Salihin, Lt-Col Ahmad al-Du'ayki, Lt-Col Muhammad Bashir, Major Abdul Salam al-Waa'ir, Lt. Abdalla

EXTERNAL (for general distribution)AI Index: MDE 19/03/94

Distr: UA/SC

UA 113/94Torture/Fear of execution18 March 1994

LIBYA:Col. Mahammad Abdul 'Ati al-Buma

Col. Miftah Qarrum al-Wirfalli- (suffers from leukaemia)

Col. Sa'ad Misbah al-A'Rusi

Lt-Col Daw al-Salihin - (reported to have had his leg amputated as a result of injuries sustained during torture)

Lt-Col Ahmad al-Du'ayki

Lt-Col Muhammad Bashir

Major Abdul Salam al-Waa'ir

Lt. Abdallah al-Waa'ir

Major Ramadan al-'Ayhuri

Major Muhammad al-Ghul

Saad Al-Wirfalli

Major Khalil Salam al-Jidiq

Sa'd Musbah Sa'd al-Amin al-Zubaydi

Dr. Musa al-Keilani

Ali Faraj Zai'd

Fathi Hamid

Amnesty International is gravely concerned that the sixteen people named above and many others are being tortured in incommunicado detention and may be in danger of imminent execution.

Three of them have appeared on television confessing to being American "spies". They said they were recruited as American intelligence agents by members of the National Front for the Salvation of Libya, the country's main opposition group operating in exile. It is believed that they were tortured into making such "confessions". Spying is punishable by death in Libya.

The people named above were detained with many others in the aftermath of a rebellion by army units around the city of Misrata in October 1993. They have been held incommunicado in unknown locations. Amnesty International fears that they are being subjected to torture.

Amnesty International is also deeply concerned that these people are at risk of execution. It is not known whether or not they have been tried. Amnesty International opposes the use of the death penalty in all cases as a violation of the right to life and the right not to be subjected to cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment or punishment, as proclaimed in article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

RECOMMENDED ACTION: please send telegrams/telexes/express and airmail letters either in Arabic, English or in your own language:

- urging that the sixteen people named above should not be executed and reiterating Amnesty International's unconditional opposition to the death penalty;

- urging the authorities to investigate the allegations of torture;

- urging the authorities to treat the detainees humanely and to give them access to lawyers, family members and medical attention.


1) His Excellency Mu'ammar al-Gaddafi

Leader of The Revolution


Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Telegrams: Colonel al-Gaddafi, Tripoli, Libya

Telexes: 70 0901 20162 ALKHASU LY

Salutation: Your Excellency

2) His Excellency Mr Muhammad 'Ali al-Jadi

President of the Supreme Court and

Chairman of the Libyan Human Rights Committee


Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab


Telegrams: Muhammad 'Ali al-Jadi, President of the Supreme Court, Tripoli, Libya.

Salutation: Your Excellency

COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO: diplomatic representatives of Libya accredited to your country.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or with your section office, if sending appeals after 28 April 1994.

How you can help