Document - Further information on EXTRA 45/93 (EUR 46/11/93, 13 May) - Russian Federation: legal concern: Aleksandr Sergeyevich Chizhikov
EXTERNAL (for general distribution)AI Index: EUR 46/14/93
24 May 1993
Further information on EXTRA 45/93 (EUR 46/11/93, 13 May 1993) - Legal Concern
RUSSIA:Aleksandr Sergeyevich CHIZHIKOV
(in Russian Александр Сергеевич ЧИЖИКОВ)
Amnesty International has learned that Aleksandr Chizhikov's appeal is to be heard by Moscow City Court on 26 May 1993.
A pacifist conscientious objector, Aleksandr Chizhikov was sentenced to one year's imprisonment by a lower court on 21 April 1993 for refusing his call-up papers. Although the right to an alternative to military service is now enshrined in the Russian Constitution, no enabling legislation has yet been passed and conscription remains obligatory for young men aged between 18 and 27.
As Russian law provides no civilian alternative to military service, Amnesty International regards Aleksandr Chizhikov as a prisoner of conscience who should be released immediately and unconditionally.
At least two other conscientious objectors are appealing their sentences to Moscow City Court. If Aleksandr Chizhikov's sentence is overturned this could have a favourable impact on the outcome of other pending cases.
0FURTHER RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express and airmail letters in English, Russian or your own language:
- urging the immediate and unconditional release of Aleksandr Chizhikov on the grounds that he is a prisoner of conscience, imprisoned in violation of both the Russian Constitution and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights for the peaceful exercise of his right to freedom of conscience;
- urging that no other people be prosecuted and imprisoned for refusing to perform military service on grounds of conscience;
- urging the introduction without delay of a law providing for a civilian alternative service, in line with Article 45 of the Russian Constitution.
1) General Valentin Georgievich Stepankov
Procurator-General of the Russian Federation
Kuznetsky most, 13
103760 g. Moskva K-31, Russia
Telegrams: Rossiya, 103760 Moskva, Generalnomu prokuroru Stepankovu V.G.
Faxes: + 095 292 88 98 (please add your country code for Russia)
Salutation: Dear Procurator-General
Page 2 of FU EXTRA 45/93
2) Ms Zoya Ivanovna Korneva
Chairperson of Moscow City Court
ul. Kalanchevskaya, 43
129010 g. Moskva, Russia
Telegrams: Rossiya, 129010 Moskva, Mosgorsud, Predsedatelyu Kornevoy Z.I.
Salutation: Dear Chairperson
3) Gennady Ponomarev
Procurator of Moscow City
ul. Novokuznetskaya, 23a
113184 g. Moskva, Russia
Telegrams: Rossiya, 113184 Moskva, Gor. Prokuroru Ponomarevu G.
Salutation: Dear Procurator
COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO:
1) Vladimir Zorkin
Chairman of the Russian Federation
ul. Ilinka, 21
103132 g. Moskva
Faxes: + 095 206 92 15 (please add your country code for Russia)
2) Andrey Vladimirovich Kozyrev
Minister of Foreign Affairs of
the Russian Federation
Prospekt Mira, 49a
129110 g. Moskva
Faxes: + 095 230 24 08 (please add your country code for Russia)
3) Sergey Adamovich Kovalyov
Chairman of the Parliamentary Human Rights Committee
Krasnopresnenskaya nab. 2
103274 g. Moskva
4) Minister of Justice of the Russian Federation
ul. Yermolovoy, 10a
103051 g. Moskva
and to diplomatic representatives of Russia accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section office, if sending appeals after 28 May 1993.