Document - Turkey: Fear of torture / possible prisoners of conscience: Huseyin Umit, Sukru Calli

EXTERNAL (for general distribution)AI Index: EUR 44/69/95

Distr: UA/SC

EXTRA 72/95Fear of torture / Possible prisoners of conscience16 June 1995

TURKEYHüseyin Umut, lawyer, secretary of Hakkari branch of the Turkish Human Rights Association

Şükrü Çallı, former mayor of Hakkari

In the afternoon of 15 June 1995, lawyer and human rights activist Hüseyin Umut was detained in a café in the centre of Hakkari in southeast Turkey. Later that day, in an apparently related operation, the former mayor of Hakkari Şükrü Çallı was also taken into detention. At 6.00pm the files of the Hakkari branch of the Turkish Human Rights Association (HRA) were removed from Hüseyin Umut's office by uniformed and plainclothes police.

The Chief Prosecutor for Hakkari have confirmed that the two men are in detention, but have not disclosed any allegations against them.

Hakkari is one of the ten provinces in the southeast under emergency legislation. Under the Turkish Criminal Procedure Code, detainees in this area may be held incommunicado for up to 30 days without access in person or by telephone to their lawyer, family, or a doctor of their choice.

Amnesty International believes that Hüseyin Umut and Şükrü Çallı may be prisoners of conscience, and fears that they may be at risk of ill-treatment or torture.


The HRA continues its monitoring of human rights violations in the face of considerable pressure from the authorities. Officials of the organization report police harassment and threats. Board members of Diyarbakır HRA branch were detained in December and committed to prison (see UA 450/94, EUR 44/157/94, 22 December 1994, and follow-ups). The charges against them of membership of an illegal armed organization were based on statements which witnesses later retracted as having been extracted under torture. Two other board members taken into custody in February reported being tortured. The lawyer Sinan Tanrıkulu said that he was sprayed with high pressure cold water and that his testicles were squeezed. He was threatened with further torture, such as hanging by the arms and electric shocks if he did not sign incriminating statements. All members of Diyarbakır HRA board were later released, but their trials continue.

On 1 June the lawyer Eren Keskin started a two-year prison sentence for an article she had written calling for a cease-fire in the conflict between security forces and armed members of the Kurdish Workers' Party in southeast Turkey which has claimed 16,000 lives since 1984 (See UA 81/95, EUR 44/44/95, 28 March and follow-ups). On 15 May Atilay Ayçin, president of the Turkish airport workers' union Hava-İş, began a 16-month prison sentence for a speech he made on 8 September 1991 at a meeting organized by Istanbul HRA on "Fundamental Rights and Freedoms" at the Abide-i Hürriyet [Freedom Memorial] Square in Istanbul.

RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/airmail letters either in English or in your own language:

- urging that Hüseyin Umut and Şükrü Çallı, arrested in Hakkari on 15 June 1995, be immediately released or brought before a judge;

- seeking assurances that they are not being subjected to any form of ill-treatment;

- expressing concern at the continuing detention of members of the Human Rights Association, and calling for them to be allowed to carry out their internationally recognized right to the peaceful defence of human rights without fear of intimidation or arrest.


1. Hakkari Chief Prosecutor

Hakkari Cumhuriyet Başsavcısı

Mr Ali Aydemir

Hükümet Konağı



Telegrams: Hakkari Chief Prosecutor, Hakkari, Turkey

Salutation: Dear Sir

2. Deputy Prime Minister

Mr Hikmet Çetin


06573 Ankara, Turkey

Telegrams: Deputy Prime Minister, Ankara, Turkey

Telexes: 44061/44062/44063 bbmt tr; 42099 basb tr; 42875 bbk tr

Faxes: +90 312 417 04 76 DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER

Salutation: Dear Deputy Prime Minister


President of the Parliamentary Human Rights Commission:

Mr Sabri Yavuz

İnsan Hakları Araştırma Komisyonu Başkanı


Ankara, Turkey

Faxes: +90 312 420 5394

and to diplomatic representatives of Turkey accredited to your country.

PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section office, if sending appeals after 30 July 1995.

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