Document - Colombia: Fear for safety / extrajudicial execution
PUBLICAI Index: AMR 23/27/98
UA 144/98Fear for safety / Extrajudicial execution6 May 1998
COLOMBIAThe inhabitants of Puerto Alvira village, including
Hernán Fabián Cuéllar Díaz} extrajudicially executed
Pedro Julio Rico}
Angie Carolina, aged 5}
10 unnamed individuals}
eight unnamed individuals } "disappeared"
and four others injured
On 4 May 1998 a 200-strong paramilitary force killed at least 18 residents of Puerto Alvira village, municipality of Mapiripán, Meta Department. According to the International Red Cross a further eight "disappeared" and four others were badly injured.
The 1500 families living in the village were told to leave within eight days or face the same fate. Many have subsequently fled to the municipal capital, Mapiripán.
The heavily armed paramilitaries reportedly wore uniforms bearing the insignia of one of Colombia’s largest paramilitary groups, the Autodefensas Campesinas de Córdoba y Urabá (ACCU), Peasant Self-Defence Forces of Córdoba and Urabá. They apparently had a list of residents’ names and went straight to their homes. After not finding any of those on the list, the paramilitaries forced all the village residents into the street and shot 18 people, including five-year-old Angie Carolina. The village infrastructure, housing and businesses were then systematically destroyed. A military aeroplane reportedly provided the paramilitaries with support.
Although the Colombian Government was warned that an attack would take place, it did nothing to prevent it. In January the Defensor del Pueblo, National Ombudsman, formally requested protection for the inhabitants of Puerto Alvira. One hundred village residents had originally written a letter stating that their community was being threatened by both paramilitary and guerrilla forces operating in the region.
Up to 30 residents were murdered in a similar paramilitary attack in Mapiripán in July 1997 (see UA 228/97, AMR 23/50/98, 22 July 1997), for which the ACCU were reportedly responsible. Some armed forces personnel have since been detained on charges of aiding the paramilitaries in carrying out the attack in July 1997.
Peasant communities in disputed zones in Colombia’s long running civil conflict have frequently suffered attacks. Neither the left wing armed opposition groups or the armed forces and their paramilitary allies recognize the civilian population's neutrality in the conflict.
Members of the Colombian army and security forces and their paramilitary allies continue to commit serious human rights violations with virtual impunity. Over the past five years several thousand civilians have been killed by paramilitary groups throughout the country. The Colombian government suspended the constitutional legal base for the formation of paramilitary organizations and issued directives to the armed forces to combat and disband such groups in 1989, yet they continue to work with the support of the security forces in many areas of the country.
President Ernesto Samper Pizano has repeatedly promised to improve the human rights situation and to dismantle paramilitary forces, but no steps have been taken to control their actions and to hold members accountable for serious and widespread human rights violations. The Attorney General recently stated that over 200 outstanding arrest warrants issued against alleged paramilitary members have still not been acted upon by the security forces.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/faxes/express/airmail letters in Spanish or your own language:
- expressing concern for the safety of the civilian population of Puerto Alvira, municipality of Mapiripán, Meta Department;
- calling for a full and impartial investigation into the killing of at least 18 village residents by paramilitary gunmen, as well as the "disappearance" of a further eight, for the results to be made public and for those responsible be brought to justice;
- requesting that if those who have "disappeared" are in detention, their families be informed, and that they be provided with proper medical attention and legal representation;
- calling for a full and impartial investigation into links between the security forces and paramilitary groups operating in the area and urging that those members of the security forces found responsible for supporting and participating in such groups be brought to justice;
- urging that authorities take immediate action to dismantle paramilitary groups, in line with stated governmental commitments.
President of Colombia:
Señor Presidente Ernesto Samper Pizano, Presidente de la República
Palacio de Nariño, carrera 8 No. 7-26, Santafé de Bogotá, Colombia
Telegrams:President Samper Pizano, Bogotá, Colombia
Tx: 44281 PALP CO
Fax: + 57 1 284 2186 / 289 3377 / 286 7434
Salutation:Excelentísimo Sr. Presidente / Dear President Samper
Minister of the Interior
Dr. Alfonso López Caballero
Ministro del Interior
Ministerio del Interior
Carrera 8, No.8-09, Piso 2
Santafé de Bogotá, COLOMBIA
Telegrams: Ministro del Interior, Bogota, Colombia
Telexes:45406 MINGO CO
Salutation:Sr. Ministro/Dear Minister
Fax:+ 57 1 281 5884 / 286 6524 / 286 0405
Minister of Defence
Dr.Gilberto Echeverri Mejía, Ministro de Defensa Nacional
Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, Avenida Eldorado CAN - Carrera 52
Santafé de Bogotá, Colombia
Telegrams:Ministro de Defensa, Bogotá, Colombia
Telexes: 42411 INPRE CO / 44561 CFAC CO
Faxes:+ 57 1 222 1874
Salutation:Sr. Ministro/Dear Minister
Advocate for the People (Ombudsman):
Dr.José Fernando Castro Caycedo, Defensor del Pueblo, Defensoría del Pueblo
Calle 55 No.10-32,Santafé de Bogotá, Colombia
and to diplomatic representatives of Colombia accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section office, if sending appeals after 19 June 1998.