Document - UA 293/92 - Sudan: fear of extrajudicial executions / torture: David Tombe, Joseph Ladu, David Kenyi, Arkangelo Yugu, Pitia Kenyi, Mark Taban, Simon Jada, James Duling, Sarafino Pitya, Kennedy Khamis, Taban Elisa, Mustafa Abdel Gadir, Juma Mohamed and ove
EXTERNAL (for general distribution)AI Index: AFR 54/28/92
UA 293/92Fear of extrajudicial executions/torture18 September 1992
SUDAN:David Tombe - priest
Joseph Ladu - army officer
David Kenyi - police officer
Arkangelo Yugu - police officer
Pitia Kenyi - prisons officer
Mark Taban - prisons officer
Simon Jada - wildlife officer
James Duling - wildlife officer
Sarafino Pitya - accountant
Kennedy Khamis - customs official
Taban Elisa - assistant manager Juba airport
Mustafa Abdel Gadir - technician Juba airport
Juma Mohamed - taxi driver
and over 200 other detainees
Amnesty International has just received reports of grave human rights violations, including hundreds of detentions and extrajudicial executions, in the southern Sudanese city of Juba, which is besieged by the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA). There is serious concern that these violations are continuing.
The men named above are among hundreds of prisoners reportedly arrested between June and August 1992 because the authorities suspect they have been collaborating with the SPLA. The arrests follow SPLA attacks on Juba in June and July.
There is considerable fear that many of those who have been arrested, including the prisoners named above, are at great risk of being tortured or extrajudicially executed. In the case of David Tombe, a Catholic priest arrested on 2 August, there are reports that he has been transferred to Khartoum. His place of detention in the capital is unknown. The others, however, are believed to remain in detention in Juba.
Amnesty International has also received reports of extrajudicial executions, both of prisoners and unarmed civilians. On 23 June 1992 seven detained southern Sudanese soldiers, who are believed to be from among those arrested in early June, were reportedly extrajudicially executed. In July around 200 civilians were reportedly shot dead deliberately by soldiers engaged in house to house searches for SPLA soldiers who had remained in the city after the government had regained control of contested suburbs. On 16 July a further 40 southern Sudanese prisoners were reportedly extrajudicially executed after nightfall.
Juba, the largest city in southern Sudan with a population of around 300,000, has been encircled by the SPLA for several years. In May 1992 the SPLA tightened its siege on the city and on 7 June and 6 July mounted major assaults in which SPLA troops briefly overran military garrisons and residential suburbs. During the 7 June incursion SPLA troops infiltrated the city's military headquarters under the cover of darkness and surprised the garrison. Their ease of entry led to government suspicions that some southern Sudanese soldiers and paramilitary forces - notably policemen, prisons officers and guards attached to the Department of Wildlife - had collaborated with the rebels. At least 80 southern Sudanese soldiers and members of paramilitary forces were arrested in the days that followed. Arrests intensified following an even larger SPLA incursion on 6 July; this time many leading civilians were also among those detained. Government forces have demolished some of the most densely populated suburbs of Juba leaving over 100,000 people homeless and without shelter from the seasonal
Page 2 of UA 293/92
rains. They are reported to be squatting in and around the old commercial centre of the city. The government has expelled all foreigners and virtually sealed the city to the outside world in an apparent attempt to hide the excesses of its troops.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send telegrams/telexes/express and airmail letters either in English or Arabic or in your own language:
- expressing serious concern at reports of extrajudicial executions and hundreds of detentions in Juba in June, July and August 1992;
- expressing concern that many who remain in incommunicado detention, including the men named above, appear to be at risk of extrajudicial execution and torture;
- seeking assurances that all detainees are being humanely treated, and urging that their whereabouts in custody are made public and that they have immediate and regular access to their families, lawyers and any necessary medical attention;
- urging that all detainees be immediately and unconditionally released unless they are to be charged with a recognizably criminal offence and brought promptly to a fair trial;
- urging the government to take immediate steps to end extrajudicial executions and torture in Juba and to bring to justice soldiers and security officials alleged to have been responsible for such violations.
1) His Excellency Lieutenant General Omar Hassan al-Bashir
Head of State and Chairman of the National Salvation Revolutionary Command Council
People's Palace, PO Box 281
Telegrams: Lt Gen Omar Hassan al-Bashir, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22385 PEPLC SD or 22411 KAID SD
Salutation: Your Excellency
2) Brigadier-General al-Zubeir Mohamed Saleh
Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of the Interior and Deputy Chairman of the National Salvation Revolutionary Command Council
PO Box 281
Telegrams: Brig-Gen al-Zubeir Mohamed Saleh, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22842 WZARA SD or 22604 IPOL SD
Salutation: Your Excellency
3) Mr Abdullah Idris
Minister of Justice and Attorney-General
Ministry of Justice
Telegrams: Minister of Justice Abdullah Idris, Khartoum, Sudan
Telexes: 22459 KHRJA SD or 22461 KHRJA SD (via Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
Salutation: Dear Minister
1) Mr Jalal Ali Lutfi
2) Mr Ali Sahloul
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
PO BOX 873
Khartoum, Sudanand to diplomatic representatives of Sudan accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or your section office, if sending appeals after 31 October 1992.