International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
11 November 2007
The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) was established by the United Nations Security Council in 1993 to investigate and prosecute crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes committed in the former Yugoslavia since 1991. The ICTY is located in The Hague, The Netherlands.
Since it was established, the ICTY has commenced proceedings against more than 100 persons suspected of committing crimes in the region. Despite the fact that persons charged by the ICTY remain at large, the United Nations Security Council has called on the ICTY to complete its work by 2010.
Amnesty International is campaigning to ensure that the ICTY is provided the time and the resources to complete its cases. In doing so, the ICTY should act as a catalyst for national prosecutions in the former Yugoslavia and other courts exercising universal jurisdiction to ensure that all persons suspected of the crimes committed in the region are brought to justice in fair trials without recourse to the death penalty.