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Amnesty International submission to the European Commission and the Council of the European Union on the Framework Decision on racism and xenophobia (Council Framework Decision 2008/913/JHA)

, Index number: IOR 52/001/2013

Amnesty International takes the opportunity provided by the review of the Framework Decision on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law to submit considerations on its effectiveness in tackling hate crimes. Amnesty International’s work on hate crimes as well as research undertaken by other organizations has provided evidence of the pervasive occurrence in Europe of hate crimes motivated by race, ethnicity, religion or belief or other protected characteristics such as sexual orientation and gender identity.

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