Bosnia-Herzegovina: The missing of Srebrenica
In July and August 1995 an AI delegation visited Tuzla, Bosnia-Herzogovina, to interview and gather the testimony of refugees from the Srebrenica area following the fall of that town in July 1995. This report presents the delegations findings and examines specific allegations made by refugees of the serious human rights abuses committed by the Bosnian Serb Army (BSA) forces. The report also considers possible human rights abuses following the fall of Zepa and reports of ill-treatment of Serbs in the Tuzla region and of forcible expulsions of Muslims from Bijeljina. The report concludes that grave human rights violations were committed by members of the BSA during and after the fall of Srebrenica. These violations included the deliberate and arbitrary killings of civilians, rape and sexual abuse, arbitrary detention and ill-treatment. Many thousands of people who fled the Srebrenica region remain unaccounted for and the possibility of mass executions of Bosnian civilians and prisoners of war cannot be discounted. In the report AI calls on the Bosnian Serb de facto authorities to allow the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) access to all detainees and to permit international organizations to examine the sites of alleged mass graves.