In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International makes the following recommendations to Botswana:
The death penalty
• To immediately establish a moratorium on executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty, in line with UN General Assembly resolutions 62/149 of 18 December 2007, 63/168 of 18 December 2008 and 65/206 of 21 December 2010;
• To commute without delay all death sentences to terms of imprisonment;
• To ratify without reservations the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at abolition of the death penalty;
• To progressively reduce the number of offences which provide for the death penalty, in particular by removing all capital crimes which do not involve intentional killing [such as treason, espionage, piracy or crimes under military law;
• Pending full abolition of the death penalty, to ensure rigorous compliance in all death penalty cases with international standards for fair trial;
• Pending full abolition of the death penalty, to ensure complete transparency in its use of the death penalty, by making publicly available relevant information, as well as by providing, in advance, convicted persons, their families and their lawyers, with adequate information about pending executions, and to return, if requested, the bodies of those who have been executed to the family for burial or to inform on where the body is located.
Ratification of international human rights treaties
• To ratify the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Optional Protocol and opt-in to the inquiry and inter-state mechanisms.