In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International makes the following recommendations to Sri Lanka
• To repeal the Prevention of Terrorism Act and abolish the system of administrative detention;
• To ensure that security measures adopted in the context of armed violence comply with international human rights law, in line with commitments made during the previous review, but not yet implemented;
• To release all individuals arrested under emergency or anti-terrorism laws, unless they are charged with recognizable criminal offences and remanded by an independent, regularly constituted court. Any trials must be held promptly and in regularly constituted courts with all internationally recognized safeguards provided.
National Human Rights Action Plan:
• To promptly implement the specific human rights commitments contained in the National Human Rights Action Plan, particularly those that will protect against ongoing gross violations of human rights and ensure an end to impunity
National Human Rights Institutions:
• To strengthen the independence of human rights institutions, such as the National Human Rights Commission, in line with commitments made during the previous review, but not yet implemented.
• To initiate and implement effective witness and victim protection, in line with commitments made during the previous review, but not yet implemented.
Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission:
• To initiate prompt and effective investigation of witness testimony and written submissions to the Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC) that allege violations of human rights or humanitarian law;
• To provide effective witness protection to all witnesses as the cases proceed;
• To ensure that no amnesties are considered or granted for perpetrators of violations of human rights or humanitarian law identified by the LLRC investigations, regardless of their status or role in the government.
Arbitrary Arrest and Detention:
• To release all detainees, including all persons held in “rehabilitation camps” unless they are charged with internationally recognizable crimes and tried in full conformity with international standards for fair trial and without recourse to the death penalty;
• To implement all court rulings, such as Supreme Court decisions in fundamental rights cases and writs of habeas corpus, ordering release of detainees without delay;
• To ensure that any arrest and/or detention is in strict compliance with the 2006 Presidential Decree regarding the registration of detainees and disclosure of their whereabouts, and state’s obligations under international human rights law, in particular the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Sri Lanka is a party;
• To immediately end all use of incommunicado detention;
• To immediately close all unofficial and secret places of detention and enact legislation to make it illegal to detain anyone in any place other than officially recognized detention facilities acknowledged and accessible to families, lawyers and courts, as well as independent monitors.
• To adopt measures to investigate, prosecute and punish those responsible for serious human rights crimes such as enforced disappearances, in accordance with international norms and in a transparent manner, in line with commitments made during the previous review, but not yet implemented;
• To facilitate without delay the visit requested by the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances.
Torture and other ill-treatment:
• o implement the recommendations of the Special Rapporteur on torture, including to strengthen legal safeguards for eliminating all forms of torture or other ill treatment in prisons and detention centres, in line with commitments made during the previous review, but not yet implemented.
The death penalty:
• To abolish the death penalty and commute all death sentences to terms of imprisonment.
• To investigate and prosecute all allegations of extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary killings and bring the perpetrators to justice in accordance with international standards, in line with commitments made during the previous review, but not yet implemented.
Impunity for human rights violations:
• To take all necessary measures to prosecute and punish perpetrators of violations of international human rights law and humanitarian law, in line with commitments made during the previous review but not yet implemented.
Ratification and implementation of international human rights treaties:
• To ratify the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance;
• To ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment;
• To ratify the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.