تقرير منظمة العفو الدولية لعام  2013
حالة حقوق الإنسان في العالم

29 مارس 2012

Japan executions a 'retrograde step'

Japan executions a 'retrograde step'
Justice Minister Toshio Ogawa authorized the executions, explaining that it was his "duty" as Minister

Justice Minister Toshio Ogawa authorized the executions, explaining that it was his "duty" as Minister

© AFP/Getty Images


Today's executions means Japan has taken a significant step backwards and joined that minority of countries that are still executing
Source: 
Catherine Baber, Amnesty International's Asia-Pacific Deputy Director
التاريخ: 
Thu, 29/03/2012

Japan's decision to carry out its first executions in almost two years today was condemned as a hugely retrograde step by Amnesty International.

Three men were hanged at prisons in Tokyo, Hiroshima and Fukuoka this morning, the first in the country since 28 July 2010 after Justice Minister Toshio Ogawa gave authorization, explaining it was his "duty" as Minister.

Executions in Japan are by hanging and are usually carried out in secret. Prisoners are typically given a few hours' notice but some may be given no warning at all.

This means that prisoners live each day knowing they could be executed at any time. Families are only notified after the execution has taken place.

"Today's executions means Japan has taken a significant step backwards and joined that minority of countries that are still executing," said Catherine Baber, Amnesty International's Asia-Pacific Deputy Director.

"Justifying acts which violate human rights as a 'Minister's duty' is unacceptable. Rather it is the responsibility of leaders to address crime without resorting to the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment.”

"Just two days ago Amnesty International published its report on the state of the death penalty around the world, noting the positive development that Japan had not executed in nearly two years – this morning’s hangings are a hugely retrograde step."

In January, Minister Ogawa said he was to resume executions, which he viewed as a responsibility of his job.

Tomoyuki Furusawa, 46, was executed at Tokyo detention centre; Yasuaki Uwabe, 48, was executed at Hiroshima detention centre; and Yasutoshi Matsuda, 44, was executed in Fukuoka.

Uwabe's lawyers had raised concerns that Uwabe suffered from mental illness but the courts ruled that he was competent to stand trial.

International law places strict limits on states that still want to use the death penalty and strongly suggests that abolition is desirable. Japan is a party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), which states that none of its rules on the use of the death penalty should be invoked to delay or prevent abolition.

More than two-thirds of all countries have abolished the death penalty in law or practice. On 13 March 2012 Mongolia became the latest abolitionist country, when it acceded to the key treaty of the United Nations aiming at the abolition of the death penalty.

Amnesty International opposes the death penalty in all cases without exception, as a violation of the right to life as recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and as the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment.

للمزيد من المعلومات

Japan: 40 years on death row (News, 27 March 2012)
Abolish the death penalty (Campaign page)
Death penalty 2011: Alarming levels of executions in the few countries that kill (News, 27 March 2011)
Death sentences and executions in 2011 (Report, 27 March 2011)

حملات

Abolish the death penalty  

موضوعات

عقوبة الإعدام 

البلد

اليابان 

المنطقة

آسيا والباسيفك 

Follow #japan @amnestyonline on twitter

أخبار

20 نوفمبر 2014

قالت منظمة العفو الدولية إنه يتعين على سلطات المملكة المتحدة أن تطلق تحقيقا طال انتظاره في دور إحدى الشركات البريطانية في واحدة من أسوأ حوادث إلقاء النفايات السامة في... Read more »

25 نوفمبر 2014

قالت منظمة العفو الدولية اليوم: إنه يجب على الموظفين المسؤولين عن تنفيذ القوانين عدم اللجوء إلى الاستخدام المفرط للقوة حيث يتظاهر المحتجون في أعقاب قرار هيئة المحلفين... Read more »

12 نوفمبر 2014

قالت منظمة العفو الدولية لقد تهرب الشركة الكيميائية الأميركية العملاقة داو من المثول أمام العدالة مرة أخرى اليوم من خلال عدم الانصياع لاستدعاء المحكمة الهندية لها بشأن... Read more »

24 نوفمبر 2014

ينبغي أن تقوم المحكمة الأوروبية لحقوق الإنسان بمعاودة النظر في مزاعم إجازة حكومة المملكة المتحدة استخدام التعذيب وغيره من ضروب سوء المعاملة في أيرلندا الشمالية خلال... Read more »

20 نوفمبر 2014

في تقرير جديد يصدر اليوم قالت منظمة العفو الدولية إن فشل المجتمع الدولي في التعامل مع العدد المتنامي للاجئين السوريين الذي يفرون إلى تركيا أدى إلى اندلاع أزمة غير مسبوقة... Read more »