تقرير منظمة العفو الدولية لعام  2013
حالة حقوق الإنسان في العالم

23 مارس 2012

Kenya slum fires demonstrate need to ensure housing rights

Kenya slum fires demonstrate need to ensure housing rights
The absence of proper roads in Kibera made it difficult for fire services to reach the scene.

The absence of proper roads in Kibera made it difficult for fire services to reach the scene.

© Amnesty International


As African Ministers meet in Nairobi to discuss improving access to services for all, this must serve as a stark reminder to them that they cannot continue to exclude slums from their plans and budgets.
Source: 
Justus Nyang’aya, director of Amnesty International’s Kenya office

The fires that swept through the Nairobi slums of Kibera and Mathare reportedly destroying up to 700 homes, were a sharp reminder to African housing ministers meeting in the city of the need to ensure slum dwellers have access to proper services.

Kibera is one of Africa’s largest informal settlements and the blaze, which started early on Friday afternoon, is understood to have destroyed at least 400 homes. It came just 13 hours after a similar fire in Mathare on Thursday night apparently claimed the lives of two children and an elderly man and destroyed some 300 homes.

The fires coincided with the African Ministerial Conference on Housing and Development (AMCHUD), which has been taking place in the Kenyan capital.

“In a matter of hours thousands of people lost their homes and possessions. They have been left with nothing and many don’t know where they will sleep tonight,” said Justus Nyang’aya, director of Amnesty International’s Kenya office.

“As African Ministers meet in Nairobi to discuss improving access to services for all, this must serve as a stark reminder to them that they cannot continue to exclude slums from their plans and budgets.”

Francis Sakwa, 26, a Mathare resident and an eyewitness to the fire told Amnesty International:

“My wife and two small children were inside our home when the fire starting spreading at midnight. Our roof was on fire – luckily we managed to get everyone out and spent the night outside.

 “Everything I owned has been burnt to ashes, due to the Kenyan government’s neglect. Right now we do not feel safe and will have to sleep in the tent tonight,” he said.

There is a high risk of fire in Nairobi’s slums and informal settlements because homes are poorly constructed and the materials used are of inferior quality. In addition, people live in overcrowded conditions; and electricity connections, where they exist, are often unsafe.

In both Kibera and Mathare, the absence of proper roads made it difficult for fire services to reach the informal settlements and lack of ready access to water contributed to fires spreading between houses and other structures extremely quickly. 
Hundreds of people affected by the fire in Mathare attempted a protest march to the office of the Assistant Housing Minister, but were dispersed by police. Some participants were arrested.

“The two tragic incidents in Kibera and Mathare starkly illustrate the need for governments and local authorities in Africa to address the inadequate housing conditions in informal settlements and ensure that all persons are able to enjoy the right to live somewhere in security and dignity,” said Justus Nyang’aya.

موضوعات

الحقوق الاقتصادية والاجتماعية والثقافية 

البلد

كينيا 

المنطقة

أفريقيا 

حملات

فلنطالب بالكرامة 

@amnestyonline on twitter

أخبار

03 ديسمبر 2014

عندما مجدي البغدادي, المقيم في لندن والبالغ من العمر 30 عاما, قرر أن يسافر إلى السودان في عام 2011 من أجل افتتاح مطعم صغير, ما كان يتخيل أن سيتم القبض عليه وسيتعرض... Read more »

08 ديسمبر 2014

عشية تصويت مجلس الشيوخ الأمريكي على قانون عسكري رئيسي يوم الثلاثاء، قالت منظمة العفو الدولية أن الكونغرس الأمريكي يخاطر بتزويد دفعات جديدة من السلاح للقوات والجماعات المسلحة... Read more »

28 نوفمبر 2014

قالت منظمة العفو الدولية إنه يتعين على رئيس شرطة هونغ كونغ التحرك فورا لوقف استخدام عناصر الشرطة للقوة المفرطة والتعسفية بحق الآلاف من أنصار الديمقراطية المتوقع نزولهم ثانية... Read more »

15 ديسمبر 2014

قالت منظمتا العفو الدولية وهيومان رايتس ووتش اليوم أنه ينبغي على السلطات الروسية أن تنهي حملة الترهيب والمضايقة التي تشنها بحق المدافعين عن حقوق الإنسان في الشيشان، وذلك... Read more »

16 ديسمبر 2014

قالت منظمة العفو الدولية أن تلويح السلطات الإيرانية بتسريع إجراءات تنفيذ الأحكام بعشرة رجال تحت طائلة الإعدام انتقاما منهم لإعلانهم إضرابا عن الطعام يشكل تهديدا مروعا،... Read more »