تقرير منظمة العفو الدولية لعام  2013
حالة حقوق الإنسان في العالم

31 يناير 2012

USA urged to clarify basis for drone killings in Pakistan

USA urged to clarify basis for drone killings in Pakistan
The use of drones to target insurgents in northwest Pakistan has generated considerable resentment

The use of drones to target insurgents in northwest Pakistan has generated considerable resentment

© AFP/Getty Images


The US authorities must give a detailed explanation of how these strikes are lawful and what is being done to monitor civilian casualties and ensure proper accountability.
Source: 
Sam Zarifi Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific director
التاريخ: 
Tue, 31/01/2012

The USA must disclose details of the legal and factual basis for the lethal use of drones in Pakistan, Amnesty International said today, after US President Barack Obama confirmed that the unmanned aircraft are used to target suspected militants in the country's tribal areas.

President Obama made the rare public acknowledgment on Monday during an hour-long online video chat with users of the social network Google+.

Amnesty International also called for the USA to monitor civilian casualties inflicted by drone attacks in Pakistan.

"The US authorities must give a detailed explanation of how these strikes are lawful and what is being done to monitor civilian casualties and ensure proper accountability, said Sam Zarifi Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific director.

"What are the rules of engagement? What proper legal justification exists for these attacks? While the President's confirmation of the use of drones in Pakistan is a welcome first step towards transparency, these and other questions need to be answered."

President Obama said that the drone strikes, which are carried out by the CIA rather than the military, were a "targeted focused effort at people who are on a list of active terrorists".

He asserted that the strikes targeted "al-Qaeda suspects who are up in very tough terrain along the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan,"

US drone attacks have doubled overall in Pakistan during the Obama administration. Thousands of people have been killed by the strikes - civilians as well as militants.

Because of the security situation and difficulty in accessing the terrain it has been impossible for organizations like Amnesty International to verify the number of civilian casualties caused by drones.
 
Available evidence shows that the number of strikes decreased during 2011.

In its June 2010 report As if Hell Fell on Me: The Human Rights Crisis in Northwest Pakistan, Amnesty International said the use of drones to target insurgents in northwest Pakistan had generated considerable resentment inside the country.

US Attorney General Eric Holder will reportedly reference US legal arguments in support of such killings by drone attacks in a speech on national security in the coming weeks.

Past justifications offered by US officials have invoked legal theories based on a “global war” between the USA and al-Qa’ida, a concept not recognized by international humanitarian or human rights law.

"The US administration must use the occasion of Attorney General Holder's speech to disclose the relevant legal and factual documentation necessary for a meaningful assessment of the lawfulness of the deliberate killings it is carrying out - simply trying to find another way to say 'trust us, it's legal' will not be good enough," said Sam Zarifi.

للمزيد من المعلومات

Pakistan: 'As if Hell fell on me': The human rights crisis in northwest Pakistan (Report, 10 June 2010)
Pakistan: Human rights ignored in the "war on terror" (Report, 28 September 2006)

موضوعات

نزاع مسلح 
جماعات مسلحة 
الإعدام خارج نطاق القضاء وغيره من عمليات القتل غير القانوني 

البلد

باكستان 
الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية 

المنطقة

الأمريكتان 

Follow #pakistan @amnestyonline on twitter

أخبار

02 أبريل 2014

يتعين لنشر الاتحاد الأوروبي قوة يصل تعداد أفرادها 1,000 رجل أن لا يكون سوى نقطة البداية لرد المجتمع الدولي المتجدد على العنف والتطهير العرقي في جمهورية أفريقيا الوسطى

... Read more »

08 أبريل 2014

إدوارد سنودن الموظف المتعاقد السابق مع الاستخبارات الأمريكية الذي أذاع بعض أسرارها،... Read more »

09 أبريل 2014

تُصدر منظمة العفو الدولية اليوم منهلاً جديداً لتسليح المحامين والمتهمين والقضاة بأداة فعالة للكفاح ضد المحاكمات الجائرة والظلم

Read more »