In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International has made the following recommendations to Thailand

National security legislation:
  • To reform or repeal emergency legislation that does not comply with Thailand’s obligations under international human rights law, in particular legislation restricting the right to freedom from arbitrary detention, freedoms of expression, association and peaceful assembly, and freedom of movement;
  • To stop arbitrary arrest and detention and to ensure that all detainees are brought promptly before an independent judicial authority which is competent to determine the legality of their detention.

  • Legislation restricting freedom of expression:
  • To amend the lèse majesté law so that it complies with international law and standards, including by abolishing the provision that allows a citizen to report another citizen for alleged violation of the law and to suspend the use of the lèse majesté law pending such amendments;
  • To end censorship of websites on the grounds of upholding the lèse majesté law;
  • To drop all charges against online news editor Chiranuch Premchaiporn for comments posted on the web forum she administers, and against all others charged merely for peacefully expressing their non-violent views. 

  • The death penalty
  • To immediately establish a moratorium on executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty;
  • To commute without delay all death sentences to terms of imprisonment;
  • To enact legislation abolishing the death penalty and to ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

  • Torture and other ill-treatment:
  • To reflect in domestic legislation the provisions of the UN Convention against Torture, in particular by expressly criminalizing torture as defined in that Convention;
  • To investigate all reports of torture and other ill-treatment by military officials and others with a view to bringing to justice those responsible for such acts.

  • Internal armed conflict in Southern Thailand:
  • To carry out prompt and impartial investigations into all reports of violations of international human rights and humanitarian law and to prosecute those responsible, irrespective of rank, in proceedings which meet international standards of fairness;
  • To ensure that those held in detention centres and army camps have access to lawyers, family members and adequate medical care, and to allow immediate and unfettered access to all places of detention by independent human rights monitors;
  • To take immediate steps to close unofficial detention centres, including by promptly and impartially investigating all reports of such facilities operated by the security forces, and by amending the 2005 Emergency Decree to expressly prohibit unofficial places of detention;
  • To clarify the fate and whereabouts of Somchai Neelapaijit and all others forcibly disappeared to ensure that those responsible for their disappearance are brought to justice;
  • Ratify the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances and take the necessary steps effectively to implement the Convention at national level soon after ratification.

  • Political crisis:
  • To review without delay the methods used to maintain order at demonstrations and to ensure that security forces adhere to international principles on crowd dispersal and the use of force, such as the UN Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials and the Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials, including by using force only as a last resort and to the minimum extent necessary;
  • To ensure that all complaints of human rights violations by the security forces are subject to immediate, thorough and independent investigation and the perpetrators brought to justice. Pending such investigation, to suspend from duty anyone reasonably suspected of having committed such violations;
  • To ensure that the victims of human rights violations and their families can obtain full reparation.

  • Refugees and migrants:
  • To respect the principle of non-refoulement and to ensure that no one is expelled, returned or extradited to a country or territory where they may face serious human rights violations, in particular Myanmar or Laos;
  • To investigate the forcible expulsion of Royingyas and to ensure that those responsible for these incidents are brought to justice and that necessary steps are taken to avoid repetition of such expulsions in the future;
  • To respect its obligation to allow asylum-seekers meaningful access to asylum procedures and to UNHCR and to ensure that individuals who are fleeing persecution are afforded international protection;
  • end the indefinite and arbitrary detention of refugees and to stop the detention of refugees in chronically overcrowded conditions;
  • To ratify the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol;
  • To comply with its obligations under international human rights law with respect to migrant workers to ensure fair wages and equal remuneration for work, safe and healthy working conditions, and rest, leisure and reasonable limitation of working hours;
  • To end all abuses faced by migrant workers, including trafficking and extortion.


    Thailand: Amnesty International's submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review

    Other Amnesty International documents on Thailand