In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International has made the following recommendations to Sudan
Restrictions on freedom of expression and other human rights violations by the NISS
• To repeal the 2010 National Security Act and ensure institutional and legislative reform of the NISS, particularly to reduce its powers of arrest and detention, and to establish a judicial oversight mechanism;
• To remove all immunities provided to members of the NISS and their collaborators under article 52 of the 2010 National Security Act and article 33 of the 1999 National Security Forces Act;
• To reform the 2009 Press and Publications Act in line with its international human rights obligations and commitments.
• To ensure that all detainees are brought promptly before a judge to review the legality and conditions of their detention and have the right to challenge the lawfulness of their detention before a court;
• To ensure rigorous compliance with international standards of fair trial, including in cases punishable by the death penalty;
• To ensure the immediate and unconditional release of all prisoners of conscience in Sudan, including Abuzar Al Amin, Ashraf Abdelaziz, and Al Tahir Abu Jawhara.
Discrimination and violence against women
• To repeal the Public Order Regime and to bring all public order regulations in line with Sudan’s international human rights obligations;
• To investigate without delay all allegations of sexual harassment and abuse, as well as other human rights violations, by the Public Order Police and to hold the perpetrators to account;
• To provide reparation, including compensation, to women and men who have been subjected to torture and other ill-treatment under the Public Order Regime;
• To ratify without limiting reservations the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and its Optional Protocol, and the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, and to repeal all laws that discriminate against women.
The death penalty
• To immediately establish a moratorium on executions with a view to abolishing the death penalty, as provided by UN General Assembly resolution 62/149, adopted on 18 December 2007, resolution 63/168, adopted on 18 December 2008, and resolution 65/206, adopted on 21 December 2010;
• To commute without delay all death sentences to terms of imprisonment;
• To ratify the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, aiming at abolition of the death penalty.
Impunity for human rights violations
• To ensure that those suspected of being responsible for crimes under international law in Darfur are investigated and prosecuted before independent and impartial courts, without resort to the death penalty;
• To cooperate with the International Criminal Court and enforce the warrants of arrests issued by the Court again Ali Kushayb, Ahmed Haroun, and President Omar Al Bashir;
• To continue to implement the recommendations by the Group of Experts, including to ratify without limiting reservations the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment;
• To ensure that all allegations of unlawful killings, enforced disappearances, torture and other ill-treatment, as well as other serious human rights violations are promptly and effectively investigated by an independent and impartial authority and their perpetrators prosecuted without delay before ordinary and independent courts in accordance with international standards of fairness and without resort to the death penalty;
• To ratify the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance and accept the competence of the Committee under articles 31 and 32.
Lack of cooperation with UN human rights mechanisms
• To continue to cooperate with the Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Sudan, including on the implementation of the recommendations by the Group of Experts;
• To accept without delay outstanding mission requests by the Special Procedures, in particular the Working Group on enforced or involuntary disappearances.
Ratification of international human rights instruments
• To accede to and implement under national law the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and the Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Criminal Court; and to sign, ratify and implement without delay the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, opting-in to its inquiry and inter-state procedures, the two Optional Protocols to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.
Sudan: Amnesty International's submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review
Other Amnesty International documents on Sudan