In the context of the UPR, Amnesty International has made the following recommendations to Greece

On violations by law enforcement officials
•    To establish an independent and effective police complaints mechanism to investigate all allegations of human rights violations by the police, including excessive use of force, torture and other ill-treatment, and racially-motivated or other discriminatory misconduct, as well as the use of lethal force in police custody;
•    To effectively implement the pertinent judgments of the European Court of Human Rights and the views of the Human Rights Committee in cases concerning police-related actions;
•    To ensure prompt, impartial and comprehensive investigations into all allegations against law enforcement officials of torture and other ill-treatment of individuals, including members of vulnerable groups such as Roma, refugees, asylum-seekers and irregular migrants.

On asylum-seekers and irregular migrants
•    To implement effectively and without delay recent legislative reforms in order to establish a comprehensive and adequately resourced asylum system consistent with international and regional human rights law, including EU standards, to receive and protect asylum-seekers and irregular migrants;
•    To ensure access to free, independent and competent legal assistance at all stages of the asylum process and to suspend removals during all stages of appeal;
•    To ensure that no individual is directly or indirectly refouled to their country of origin, or to any other country in respect to which they claim persecution, in line with Greece’s obligations under international and regional human rights law;
•    To halt the detention of asylum-seekers and irregular migrants for immigration purposes other than in the most exceptional circumstances, as set out in relevant international refugee and human rights law and standards;
•    To immediately end the practice of detaining unaccompanied children, and to prohibit in law the detention of unaccompanied asylum-seekers and migrant children;
•    To provide detainees with an effective opportunity to challenge the lawfulness of their detention, including on the grounds that detention conditions are cruel, inhuman or degrading;
•    To halt any detention in facilities, such as border guard stations and other immigration detention facilities, that are severely overcrowded and/or where conditions are cruel, inhuman or degrading;
•    To ensure that conditions for migrants and asylum-seekers held in immigration detention facilities are in conformity with international and regional human rights standards;
•    To provide all asylum-seekers and other vulnerable groups with adequate reception facilities and standards of living in line with Greece's obligations under human rights and refugee law, including the EU minimum standards;
•    To repeal Article 76(1) of Law 3386/2005, as amended by Law 3772/2009, which provides that a foreign national can be deported if he or she has been prosecuted for a crime punishable by a minimum of three months’ imprisonment.

On conscientious objectors
•    To end the prosecution of conscientious objectors;
•    To amend the legislation that enforces punitive and discriminatory length of alternative service to bring it in line with the international standards.

On Roma
•    To immediately stop forced evictions and to ensure that any eviction is carried out in compliance with international and regional standards;
•    Comply in full with decisions of international and regional human rights mechanisms requiring desegregation of education in Greece, including the decision by the European Court of Human Rights in Sampanis and others v. Greece.

On the death penalty

•    To withdraw the reservation made under article 2 of the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which allows for the application of the death penalty in time of war pursuant to a conviction for a most serious crime of a military nature committed during wartime.

Ratification and implementation of international human rights standards
•    To promptly ratify and implement under national law the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, opting-in to its inquiry and inter-state procedures, the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.



Greece: Amnesty International's submission to the UN Universal Periodic Review

Other Amnesty International documents on Greece